Almost six years have passed since a law was enacted to improve the protection system for children and adolescents. It introduces an important change regarding care for minors under guardianship: foster care must prevail over residential care for any minor. But “the law is not working,” says Adriana de la Osa, from ASEAF, an association made up of the main organizations related to Foster Care in Spain. In figures, 23,209 minors supervised by the Administration live in centers and 19,320 in foster care, which means that there are almost 4,000 more institutionalized children than living in a home (according to the latest available data, corresponding to 2019, and considering that the central administration admits that the autonomies do not provide the data simultaneously, which creates disparities). In total, there are more than 50,000 minors cared for in some way by the public child protection system.