The Chamber of Deputies of Mexico approved on Thursday the labor reform that should facilitate the ratification of the free trade agreement between the Latin American country, the United States and Canada (T-MEC).
With 417 votes in favor, 29 abstentions and one against, the Mexican deputies approved in general the aforementioned reform and will now turn to the Mexican Senate for approval.
Between the points of the reform emphasizes the establishment of the union democracy and the freedom of association, the secret vote and the creation of commissions of labor conciliation that will replace the current meetings.
The conciliation commissions will be responsible for resolving the conflicts that arise between the workers and the bosses, with the limit of trying to resolve them within a maximum period of 45 to 60 days in order to avoid judicializing the processes.
The labor reform also contemplates that a union can be formed with 30% of the workers.
The president of the House of Representatives of the United States, Nancy Pelosi, declared at the beginning of April that the US Legislature will not vote for the ratification of the T-MEC until Mexico endorses this legislation.
With the arrival of Donald Trump to the White House in 2017, the renegotiation of the then North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) began.
The Mexican government was then chaired by Enrique Peña Nieto (2012-2018) who managed to close the negotiation on the last day of his mandate, on November 30, 2018, with the approval of the leftist leader Andrés Manuel López Obrador, who at that time He was president-elect.
López Obrador, who assumed the Mexican Presidency on December 1, said on Thursday that his country "should maintain this treaty and that no pretext be given for the negotiation to be reopened."