The Senate of Mexico approved with 111 votes in favor and one against a constitutional reform that eliminates the jurisdiction and allows to judge the president and legislators for corruption, organized crime and other crimes, the Upper House said Wednesday.
"With 111 votes in favor and one against, the ruling with constitutional reform is approved in the matter of broadening the assumptions by which the president of the United Mexican States and federal legislators can be imputed and prosecuted," the Senate detailed on Twitter.
With the approval, articles 108 and 111 of the Constitution are modified and the mechanism that eliminates procedural impunity for the country's president and the members of the Chamber of Deputies and senators is established.
The opinion approved by the senators will pass to the Chamber of Deputies for discussion and subsequent voting.
During the debate, Citizen Movement Senator Samuel García insisted that the ruling "is about a farce", as he stated that the National Regeneration Movement (Morena) caucus, a party to which the Mexican president, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, belongs. He will never approve that he be subjected to this procedure, known as impeachment.
However, Eduardo Ramírez, from Morena, said that the reform opens the possibility that the executive and legislators do not have criminal protection for the crimes included in article 19 of the Constitution.
"No one can be above the law and if he participates in the commission of acts of corruption he can be punished according to the law," he said.
On December 4, López Obrador sent the Senate an initiative to reform the Constitution and abolish the jurisdiction of the presidents of the country so that they can be tried for any crime.
The leftist leader, who assumed the presidency on December 1, recalled then that since 1917 the head of the Mexican state can only be tried for "the crime of treason" and lamented that it can not be for corruption.