The disappearance of the 43 students of Ayotzinapa on September 26, 2014 "is an abominable case" and emblematic of the institutional and social decomposition in Mexico, the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH) said today when presenting a comprehensive report on the case.
From the perspective of human rights, Ayotzinapa represents "the critical moment" that the country is living in terms of violence, insecurity, corruption and impunity, said the head of the Commission, Raúl González Pérez.
On September 26, 2014, 43 students of the Rural Normal School of Ayotzinapa were arrested by Iguala police and handed over to organized crime, which murdered them and incinerated them in a dump in Cocula, according to the official version of the government of President Enrique Peña. Grandchild.
When presenting a report and a recommendation on the case, González said that "the truth can not be subject to interests or political conjunctures", reason why the CNDH approached the case with a thorough, technological and scientific investigation.
"The very serious and lamentable collusion between authorities and criminal organizations caused the loss of life of 6 people, injuries to 42, and the forced disappearance of 43 more," he said about the events that occurred on September 26 in Iguala.
He denounced that the omissions and indolence of the authorities that administer justice contaminated and caused that evidence was lost, that all the lines of investigation were not exhausted and that there were accusations of ill-formulated suspects, which has made them unable to be judged and that impunity persists.
González said that the "disinvestment and lack of professionalism" in the investigations, particularly the Attorney General's Office (PGR, prosecutor's office), underestimated the finding of more than a hundred bone and dental fragments, which with DNA tests. They could give clues to the fate of the students.
These fragments would suffice to conclude that at least the bodies of 19 people were incinerated in the dumpster, so the DNA would determine whether or not they are the disappeared of Ayotzinapa, since "it was a frequent practice" of organized crime to burn corpses in that area, he stressed.
The CNDH explained that the omission of authorities at various levels was not investigated in light of what happened that night in Iguala, that the PGR was not immediately notified and that only 4 of the 25 video cameras of the Center were allowed to operate. State security in that city.
"The truth has also been one of the victims in the Iguala case," he said, accusing the authorities of giving biased, partial or null information, which disorientated, confused and generated uncertainty in public opinion.
As an example of the bias that was given to the events, the CNDH stressed that the Mexican government has taken for granted that the 43 students had been murdered.
"Mexico is a country in which, often, the truth is denied or hidden," Gonzalez complained.
The CNDH detected that before the night of Iguala there was a clear link between municipal and state authorities and organized crime.
He pointed out that during his investigation, various authorities denied or incomplete information to the Commission and refused to take steps, which has meant that in these four years, the victims are demanding that the State fulfill its obligation to investigate the crimes and do justice.
"This case is the most ominous and complex in the history of the CNDH," said the minister, noting that the disappearance of the 43 students "socially and politically marked a before and after" in the country.
A crime such as the one that occurred that night "could only happen because of the penetration of organized crime in government structures," he said, adding that it must be guaranteed that something like that never happens again.
The CNDH affirmed that "it will correspond to the new authorities to straighten and continue the criminal investigations of the case, for which this recommendation constitutes a starting point and a guide of what remains to be done".
The recommendation summarizes "the more than one million sheets and 1,255 volumes that comprise the investigation, which is the closest approximation to the truth that is still in the present case," he said.
The Secretary of the Interior, Alfonso Navarrete, declared that the outgoing administration plans to accept the recommendation of the CNDH, and that it will give evidence no later than next Friday, the last day of Peña Nieto's management, who will be succeeded on Saturday by Andrés Manuel López Obrador. "It will not happen tomorrow or the day after tomorrow without we can say it," Navarrete told the press.
"In advance, I point out, the recommendations of the CNDH must be accepted, must be complied with and must be deepened," he added.