Brazilian ecologist and ex-presidential leader Marina Silva affirmed today that the first measures announced by Jair Bolsonaro, who assumed the day before as Brazil's new head of state, showed that the extreme right-wing seeks to institute the backward movement in the country.
Silva, who was Minister of Environment in the Government of Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and leads the Rede Sustainability party, specifically referred to the decrees signed by Bolsonaro and that transferred to the Ministry of Agriculture the responsibility of delimiting indigenous reserves, implementing the agrarian reform and define reforestation policies.
"Bolsonaro began his government in the worst possible way, the president, who already proclaimed the backwardness in his campaign speeches, now, on his first day, begins to establish it in practice in our country," Silva said in a message at the social networks to criticize the first measures of the right-wing leader.
In practice, the distribution of land for Indians, quilombolas (descendants of fugitive slaves) and peasants registered in agrarian reform programs will depend on the Minister of Agriculture, Tereza Cristina Correa, a landowner who coordinated the bank of the rural landowners in the Congress.
"By transferring the prerogative of delimiting the lands of indigenous and quilombolas to the Ministry of Agriculture, the Bolsonaro Government offers the executioner the opportunity to be even more violent against those who, throughout history, have been its greatest victims", affirmed Silva, who contested the last three presidential elections and became a favorite in the 2014 elections.
The environmental leader, who has already declared her decision to exercise a responsible opposition to the new Brazilian government, added that, "following the logic of the absurd," the president also decided in his first package of decrees of "setbacks" to transfer the Brazilian Forest Service equally. to the Ministry of Agriculture.
"The meaning is clear: move it so that it loses effectiveness in practice, that is, to end the institution," he said when referring to the Brazilian Forest Service, an agency that reports to the Ministry of the Environment and is responsible for the reforestation of areas devastated in the Amazon.
Bolsonaro, a controversial ultra-rightist because of his historic sexist, racist and homophobic statements, promised during his campaign that he would not demarcate new reserves for the Indians and that he would authorize mining operations on indigenous lands.
In a message on Twitter in which he tried to justify his decision, the new president argued that the Indians, whom he wants to integrate into society instead of leaving them isolated, represent less than 2% of the population and are entitled to more than 15%. % of the country's land.
He added that, taking advantage of their isolation, the Indians are "exploited" and "manipulated" by non-governmental organizations (NGOs).
"More than 15% of the national territory is delimited as indigenous and quilombola land, less than a million people live in these isolated places of real Brazil, exploited and manipulated by NGOs." Together we are going to integrate these citizens and value all Brazilians, "said Bolsonaro on Twitter.