The citizen collective Marea de Residencias, made up of family members and workers, in its drive for the creation of a law on residences for the elderly, has registered this Thursday, June 3 in the Congress of Deputies a "minimum proposal for a law of residences "that gathers the demands of civil society, with the aim of" radically changing the care system ", giving more weight to the public management of the centers.
"It is necessary to protect the rights of residents at the state level", indicates Mariví Nieto, spokesperson for Marea de Residencias, "creating a state legal framework that is a ground from which the autonomous communities create their own regulations", how is Castilla y León doing now But without starting from common standards, which is precisely what this group claims, which has sent its document to all parliamentary groups except for Vox. At this point they do not know if any party could take the initiative to present this bill. In Murcia, Podemos has already submitted a bill in this same sense.
The "radical change in the model" goes through the increase of places, building public residences, of public management, located in urban centers or in their proximity, to favor social integration, with a single floor and with a maximum number of one hundred residents.
For the places that already exist, Marea de Residencias proposes that the public management of those residences with management ceded to private companies be reversed: "that there are no benefits for private companies at the cost of cutting essential services such as personnel or endowments", it affects Grandchild. Regarding the infrastructure, the document they have presented alleges that "the right to privacy is systematically violated", so it is requested that the rooms be individual and with a full bathroom unless the residents decide to share them. In that sense, they also ask that in large residences smaller coexistence units, of between 15 and 20 people, can be enabled. They ask that the centers be well conditioned so that they are not affected by the cold or heat, have sufficient technical means and are equipped with a fixed telephone and private television, as well as computer equipment and Wi-Fi connection for residents.
Regarding the personnel, they propose minimum ratios, among which are: a Technician in Nursing Auxiliary Care for every four residents in residences for large dependents on the morning shift, one for every five on the afternoon shift and one for every 8 Night shift. As for the assistants and orderlies: one per shift at the control table of each floor. One psychologist and one physiotherapist for every 20 residents in the morning and afternoon shifts
Regarding health personnel, it is requested that they depend on the Public Health System and that there be a nurse for every 30 residents in a situation of dependency and a doctor for every 40 residents on each shift except at night, which would be one just on call. They also propose that professionals from other disciplines such as music therapy (four per shift) or cognitive stimulation (another four per shift) be hired.
In the reading of the manifesto in front of the entrance stairs to the courts, in Madrid, the "deplorable state of the dependent persons" in some residences was emphasized. The coronavirus crisis has been an important turning point for this group, which has been calling for the improvement of senior centers for some time. "The pandemic has shown what we have been denouncing for a long time," says Mariví Nieto. "It has shown the abandonment of these centers, to the point of not referring many elderly people to hospitals, falling into the crime of the omission of relief." In the case of Madrid, Marea de Residencias has presented different Complaints for possible reckless manslaughter against those responsible for nursing homes in which residents died and against the regional president, Isabel Díaz Ayuso and the councilors Enrique Ruiz Escudero and Enrique López. They have already declared two directors of residences, the Gran Residencia and the Amavir Ciudad Lineal. "The pandemic has also indicated that older people do not have a place in society. We want them to be integrated and have a dignified way of life," he adds.
The demographic challenge posed by longevity, which is increasingly prolonged, encourages us to rethink the care system from now on, and make it more participatory, for which they propose the creation of a Council of Residents and Family members in each center, with the right to receive the information necessary to monitor compliance with legal standards. On old age and dependency "it has touched us all and it will all touch us," reflects Mariví, "we must look to the future because the population will live longer and longer."