Data updated to November 8
Humanity faces the largest vaccination campaign in history. The immunization process against Covid-19, which began in early December in the United States, United Kingdom, Russia and China, is underway around the world and stands out in most of the richest countries.
In Spain the vaccination campaign against COVID-19 It started on December 27. Since the process began, injections for older people were prioritized and as it progressed it was extended to other age groups. Eight months later on August 31st, the goal was achieved that 70% of the population had the complete guideline against the disease, and the sera already reach practically all age groups.
The Pfizer, Moderna and AstraZeneca vaccines are double-dose: they require two pricks separated by a period of several weeks. This does not apply to people who at some point have overcome the disease, to whom only one dose is inoculated. Those of Janssen, on the other hand, only require an injection.
The following table shows the status of the vaccination process in Spain in each autonomous community. The percentage of the population completely vaccinated and with at least one dose of the vaccine, the percentage of doses administered over those received in each autonomous community, the number of injected doses and how many days until reaching the first goal of 70% of the dose are shown. immunized population.
From flattening to accelerating the curve
When the pandemic began, there was a main objective for all the countries of the world: to flatten the contagion curve. With the advent of vaccines, the goal is to accelerate the vaccination curve to immunize millions of people in record time – a logistical and medical challenge never before done on a global scale.
Over the weeks, it has been shown that the bottleneck of vaccination in Spain are the doses received. This is how the vaccination rate in Spain evolves, measured in the average daily doses administered in the last week.
The rate of vaccination has advanced at different speeds between autonomous communities, since each one can apply different strategies and protocols. For example, the territories that have more population with priority to vaccinate (residences, toilets and older territories) have received more doses per inhabitant and have been able to vaccinate a greater part of the population. Thus, as of August 31, communities such as the Balearic Islands, Catalonia or Madrid were below the first target of 70% of the population with a complete guideline, while others such as Asturias or Galicia had exceeded it weeks ago.
To find out how the process is progressing and how much population is immunized in each region, the following graph shows the detail by communities. In it you can see how many people have received at least one dose or the complete vaccine, and the percentage they represent of the total population to be immunized in each region.
How is the vaccination process evolving in your autonomous community? How many people have received at least one dose of the vaccine? And the complete guideline? How long will it take to immunize 70% of the population? In the following tabs you can consult all the details, region by region.
Vaccination reaches almost all age groups
When the process began, the doses available for the most vulnerable population were prioritized: people residing in centers for the elderly, the population over 80 years of age, first-line health personnel and large dependents. With the arrival of Janssen began vaccinating people between 50 and 59 years old in May, and later it was gradually inoculated in lower age groups, until practically all age groups were reached, including minors.
The following table allows you to consult the evolution of vaccination in each age group according to the percentage of the population that has received at least one dose or the complete vaccination schedule.
The effect of vaccination on mortality
Vaccines against COVID-19 do not eliminate the risk of contracting the disease and transmitting it, but they do eliminate the risk of developing severe symptoms and fatality. Vaccination has been clearly noted in the mortality figures. The brilliant fifth wave of the pandemic in Spain left numbers of infections that had not been seen since the third wave (the one that broke out after Christmas) and, although there was an increase in deaths, the mortality rate after the July explosion is not comparable to that of no other moment of the epidemic in our country. Each curve is adjusted with respect to the maximum peak that each group registered in the third wave.
Which community is vaccinating faster now?
In the first months of the vaccination plan, the rate increased throughout Spain, but the speed at which the different regions performed the punctures varied, due to the different strategies of each community. In the following graph you can see the number of doses that are administered, per 100 inhabitants, each day in each community and the average for Spain. The curves show the average of the last week.
The road to immunity in the world
Millions of people in a small number of countries around the world have already received at least one dose of some Covid-19 vaccine. The campaign began in many countries in December with emergency authorizations, in some cases using experimental drugs, and it has accelerated in recent weeks with the authorizations of several vaccines in the European Union and the rest of the world.
The following map shows the countries that have administered the most doses per 100 inhabitants worldwide. Only the figures for the countries that have published data are shown, according to the data collected by the portal Our World in Data.
The vaccination gap between rich and poor countries is beginning to show in the figures. So far, the majority of doses administered worldwide are concentrated in the Northern Hemisphere. This table includes the percentage of immunized people in each country, a figure that may differ from the doses per 100 inhabitants, since in many countries vaccines that require two doses are being administered. This percentage cannot be calculated for countries that do not separately show the number of administered doses of each type of vaccine.
The difference between the vaccination curves between the countries is mainly due to the availability of doses, the capacity of the vaccination system, and acceptance among citizens. Although the size and population of each country must also be taken into account to make comparisons: it is not the same to vaccinate 8 million people who live concentrated in 22,000 square kilometers than to vaccinate 47 million people who live in 500,000 square kilometers Of surface. To date, Pfizer’s vaccine is the most widely used in Europe and the United States. Oxford / AstraZeneca is also administered in the UK. Instead China, India and Russia are using their own drugs that are also distributed by Latin America.
The economic gap becomes more visible when the doses administered are grouped by regions of the world. The vaccination process has barely begun in Latin America and Africa, compared to the countries with the highest per capita income, which accounted for the majority of doses purchased before vaccines were approved.
The following graph shows in greater detail how is the gap in the vaccination process between the countries of the world, according to their income levels. The richer the countries, the more doses per 100 inhabitants they have administered, and vice versa: the countries with the lowest incomes are the ones that have been able to inoculate their population with the least vaccines. Click on the bubbles to see the details of the vaccination in each country.