The city of Madrid is immersed in the shift towards a sustainable mobility not centered on cars but in clean modes and public transport, for which the City Council already applies measures such as Central Madrid, which separate the most polluting vehicles from the center and seeks to add to bicycles and scooters.
Mayor Manuela Carmena has turned her fight against pollution and for sustainable mobility into one of her hallmarks, a policy that is completed with the reduction of road traffic, turning lanes of traffic into wider sidewalks, as has happened in the reform of the emblematic Gran Vía.
At the end of the year, on November 30, the Government of Ahora Madrid, with the delegate for Environment and Mobility, Inés Sabanés, at the head, launched its most ambitious measure: Central Madrid.
472 hectares for which only the neighbors, the least polluting cars (Eco and 0) and vehicles with stickers B and C that go to a car park. With multiple exceptions, it has generated complaints from the opposition, merchants or the merchandise sector, which must renew its fleet.
This area of low emissions, contained in the new ordinance of sustainable mobility, was also born between the attempts of the PP and the regional government to stop it in court. But this strategy has suffered a first setback: the Superior Court of Justice of Madrid has refused to provisionally paralyze the plan and, despite not entering the fund, defends that the new ordinance seeks the general interest.
The ordinance, warns the court, specifies general interests such as road safety, coexistence between means of transport, health protection or environmental sustainability, compared to those "can not prevail interests of other public administrations – not specified – nor the particular interests of the most intensely affected citizens.
For the Government of Carmena, the position of the TSJM is an endorsement of its policies, which is why it has already requested that the Ángel Garrido Executive abandon the judicial path and coordinate with the capital the reinforcement of public transport.
Madrid Central, which opens sanctions in March, is one of the measures, although not the only one, with which the City Council seeks to reduce polluting emissions, to protect the health of citizens, but also to avoid millions of European Union fines. Exceed the limits.
For now, the traffic inside has been reduced – 30% in Gran Vía – and the "dreaded" border effect in the perimeter has not been registered, with 2.53% fewer vehicles, since the cars have been diverted to the M-30. In addition, in Gran Vía there are more pedestrians (40%), so the Consistory hopes to reduce the fear of traders to see their sales reduced.
The change in the way of moving not only concerns the center, and in the case of drivers is closely related to the stickers of the General Directorate of Traffic, mandatory in Madrid from next April 24 and keys to renew the current park and apply the new anti-pollution protocol.
The restrictions mainly affect older cars and pollutants, without environmental label – gasoline before 2000 and diesel registered before 2006 – that will not be vetoed until 2025 but have already limited their circulation in peaks of pollution.
In scenario 2 of the protocol – applied for the first time on December 12 – can not circulate through the M30 or the central almond and in 3 the limitation extends to the entire city. If you reach 4, you can not circulate sticker B.
In addition to reducing the cars and the public space they occupy, the change involves favoring new ways of moving, clean and sustainable and that necessarily must coexist with other vehicles or with pedestrians.
The new ordinance regulates this understanding. Approved on October 5, it reduces to a maximum of 30 kilometers per hour the speed of 80% of the streets, those of single lane or one lane in each direction. The objective: to calm the traffic so that in the road as well as cars circulate bicycles and electric scooters.
Arrived in summer from the hand of rental companies, the electric scooters have transformed the urban landscape but the Consistory wants to stop them. It is forbidden to get on the sidewalks and can only go through streets, at most 30 kilometers per hour, and bike lanes.
In addition, Sabanés has limited them to a total of 10,000 in the city, with permits that the Consistory will distribute among companies that meet the requirements, a position adopted after ordering the withdrawal of those that already served: Lime, VOI and Wind, which they will try to return to the streets.