While in Spain the payroll of retirees is linked only to the CPI; In other European countries, pensions are linked to price developments, but also to other factors. For example, in Germany, the most important indicator is the evolution of wages in the previous year. In other states, such as Italy, pensions are revalued each year based on an index that takes into account the consumption of households with one worker and life expectancy. Next, we review how the countries rise in other European countries:
Pensions are revalued with the average inflation of the year. The pension reform abolished the Revaluation Index, which limited the increase to 0.25% in times of crisis, and the Sustainability Factor.
As an alternative, it has launched a rise in prices.
The adjustment of pensions is made according to the evolution of prices, excluding tobacco, but factors such as the variation of the average salary and life expectancy are also taken into account. Macron promised that in the summer he would compensate retirees for the rise in prices.
In that country, several factors are considered, the most important being the evolution of wages in the previous year, with a guarantee clause that prevents pensions from falling so that, at least, they remain constant at their nominal value. A sustainability factor is also applied with the evolution of the number of pensioners and the evolution of the number of workers who contribute to the system and life expectancy.
A 'triple protection' system is under way to revalue pensions. These rise according to the highest value between the CPI, salaries or 2.5%. For this year and next, the Government has suppressed the salary reference due to the statistical change in the pandemic.
Pensions are revalued each year based on an index called FOI that takes into account the consumption of households with one worker and is also used to periodically adjust monetary values, such as rents or checks for separated spouses. It is not exactly the same as the Spanish CPI and life expectancy is also taken into account.
The Government attends to the evolution of the GDP of the last two years, in addition to the annual CPI, without counting housing. The formulas used depend on the value of each pension and do not always transfer all inflation, so in some cases pensioners may lose purchasing power. They take life expectancy into account.
Payrolls are revalued with the CPI, but wages and life expectancy are also taken into account. If it increases, the pension is reduced.
The pensions are adjusted with a formula in which the variations in the CPI weigh 80% and the income from Social Security weighs another 20%. There is a sustainability factor.
As of next January, the increase in pensions will be determined with a coefficient that will take into account the sum of the variation of the GDP and the CPI of the previous year divided by two (in no case should this be greater than the average annual variation Of the prices).