LGBTI people (lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transsexuals and intersex) suffer discrimination and structural violence in countries of Central America, according to a report by the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (Aecid) presented today at the United Nations.
According to this study, which takes concrete cases from Guatemala and Mexico, countries with a special migrant and refugee population transit, this violence is sometimes also exercised institutionally and by agents of authority.
The report, commissioned to the Pedro Arrupe Human Rights Institute of the Spanish University of Deusto, blames said discrimination on the "heteronormativity" in force in the societies studied, which hinders the transit or subsequent adaptation of LGBTI persons.
"The situation of these people during their transit to safer places is dangerous, with high rates of physical insecurity, violence -including sexual- and discrimination by authorities, criminal organizations and other refugees in transit or in places of reception. and detention, "reads the text.
The study confirms the need to strengthen international protection systems and information and material assistance, since the predominant weight falls on civil society organizations.
Of these, some are of religious origin, which implies that in certain cases they deny access to LGBTI persons.
For all this, the report concludes that violence and discrimination against LGBTI people determine the conditions of displacement (sometimes forcing them to take more dangerous routes), access to protection systems and integration in the destination country.
Although their requirements are the same as those of the host applicants, integration is conditioned by the past of violence and the stereotypes of the host society.
This text aims to contribute to the inclusion of the protection needs of LGBTI persons in the Global Compact on Refugees, whose latest version of June 26, 2018 does not contain any reference to this group.
In addition, it urges to guarantee "respect for the life, identity and security of LGBTI persons" during reception, reception and integration, as well as to develop policies and strategies to counteract discrimination and stereotypes.