Letters to relieve the pain of war and exile - La Provincia

The professor of the Rey Juan Carlos University of Madrid, Elena Sánchez de Madariaga, offered on October 1, at 6:00 p.m., in the Columbus House, the first of the conferences contemplated in the seminar program called The new paradigm: towards a care ethic (Networks, alliances, empathy), that until October 4 will take place in the aforementioned Americanist museum with the participation of a dozen prominent and prominent professionals from Italy, Madrid, Argentina, Mexico and the Canary Islands, who will reflect on the category of care, a possible diagnosis of society contemporary and in the proposals offered by the new paradigms and the new forms of interpersonal relationship.

Madariaga has titled his intervention Women and letters. Share the pain in war, post-war and exile, in which it is proposed to address the epistolary gender and its therapeutic value as a female social practice in the difficult and traumatic context of the Spanish civil war and the postwar period. "I will analyze the expression and communication of pain (and other emotions) and investigate the literary mediation of written texts 'with a sincerity that scares', in the words of one of the authors," says the professor, whose lines of research are the social and cultural history of Madrid, the brotherhoods, citizenship, the history of women and the history of transatlantic cultural transfers.

Then Susana Sueiro, of the Uned de Madrid, will talk about the transnational Puerto Rican anarchist Luisa Capetillo (1879-1922), which Sueiro places in the great context of anarchist internationalism of the time. "His feminism, even though it is precocious in the history of Puerto Rico, is not understood without putting it in relation to the feminism of other anarchist women of his time with whom he related, such as the Russian-Jewish Emma Goldman or the Italian Maria Roda. Like them and in perfect harmony with the anarchist ideas of those days, Capetillo is in favor of free love and against marriage and bourgeois sexual morals, "explains the professor who since 2006 has been investigating the international networks of anarchism in the transition from the 19th to the 20th century, focusing especially on the cultural and socialization aspects of anarchist immigrant workers who, from Europe, settled in different countries of Latin America and the United States.

According to Sueiro, "Capetillo got, like other women of his time, that his voice be heard in many different countries of America, such as Cuba, the United States, Mexico or the Dominican Republic. She was a woman who challenged moral and social conventions. Her commitment vital with the anarchist cause was total. It was also a spiritualist and naturist. A rebel woman, a hipster, a fighter and a single mother, "he concludes.

To close the first day of this seminar directed by the professor of Hispanic American Literature of the ULPGC, Alicia Llarena, will take part in the Casa de Colón, Carmen de la Guardia, professor at the Autonomous University of Madrid, who will speak at her conference entitled The old age letters. Affection and care among Republican exiles, to the mechanisms of help and comfort that these older women, all republican and the majority still in exile, knew how to create and give themselves. De la Guardia has combed numerous correspondence located in three private archives: that of Victoria Kent and Louise Crane in the Beinecke Library of Yale University, that of Justina Ruiz de Conde, in Wellesley College, and that of Carmen Conde, deposited in the Carmen Foundation Count Antonio Oliver of Cartagena.

In those epistolaries he has found that not only did they rebuild and reinforce the spaces of affection among thousands of Republican women who shared memories, but on many occasions, in addition, help transcended the affective to become effective care. Throughout his career, De la Guardia has published numerous articles and academic and informative essays, including titles such as United States history, where he makes an interesting tour and analysis in which he stands out from the supposed singularity of American development and links it to the same movements given in Europe, and Cultural diasporas The Spanish Republicans and the transformation of American Hispanicism.

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