The presidents of the last four Climate Summits (COP) urged today, on the eve of the inauguration of the COP24 in Katowice (Poland), governments around the world to take "decisive action" to confront the "urgent threat" "of global warming.
Former Peruvian Environmental Minister Manuel Pulgar-Vidal (in charge of COP20); former French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius (COP21); Moroccan Foreign Minister Salaheddine Mezouar (COP22) and Fiji's Prime Minister Frank Bainimarama (COP23) issued this joint statement as a "call to arms" on the occasion of the start of the Katowice meeting.
"The world is at a crossroads and decisive action in the next two years is crucial to tackle these urgent threats," they said in reference to the effects of climate change.
Its goal is to send an "unequivocal message" to all countries to raise their plans to cut their emissions and accelerate the energy transformation of their economies to completely abandon fossil fuel pollutants.
"What ministers and other leaders say and do in Katowice at COP24 will help determine the efforts of the next few years, either uniting the world to achieve the Paris Agreement objectives or postponing decision making." Any delay will only make it more difficult and face the response to climate change, "they warned.
The COP24, which will last until December 14, aims to finalize the Paris Agreement, where all countries committed to tackle the rise in temperatures below two degrees centigrade with respect to pre-industrial values.
Katowice is the place where the fine print should be agreed on very sensitive issues such as the issue of financing, which again confronts industrialized countries and developing economies, since the Paris Agreement sanctions that everyone should contribute to this fight to the extent of their responsibility and ability.
The meeting, which brings together 30,000 people from 197 countries, is the most important COP since the Paris summit in 2015 and reaching an agreement respecting the necessary balances seems "extremely complex", according to the UN executive secretary for Climate Change , the Mexican diplomat Patricia Espinosa.