Last year the government spent 350 million euros less in dependence than in 2011, when the cuts in the sector had not yet been applied. In this time, the spending of the Executive has been decreasing and the number of beneficiaries, increasing. Seven years ago, the Government allocated 1,568 million to serve the 740,000 beneficiaries of a benefit, compared to 1,268 million in 2017 for the more than 950,000 beneficiaries. That is to say, the weight of the system has been falling more and more in the autonomous communities. Last year, these assumed 83.7% of the 7,459 million euros of certified public investment, according to the data sent by the ministry to the State Observatory for the Unit of the Association of Directors and Managers of Social Services. The Government has been decreasing its contribution percentage, going from 24.1% in 2011 to 16.3% in 2017. The communities and the Government are obliged to co-finance the system.
"Last year, the Executive continued to withdraw with respect to financing," criticizes José Manuel Ramírez, president of the association. This organization charges in a statement against the "inability and shame" of the Executive of Mariano Rajoy, who in 2017 did not execute in its entirety a "cut budget". Of the 1,268 million consigned in 2017, 44 were not spent.
In its note, the association criticizes the "systematic and willful breach of a law, when 300,000 people" are on the waiting list to receive the benefit to which they are entitled. The observatory estimates that in 2017 a hundred people died every day without having received their help.
The observatory estimates that in 2017 a hundred people died every day without having received the aid to which they were entitled
Although the waiting list decreased last year by almost 39,000 people (from 348,509 in December 2016 to 309,520 at the end of 2017), the association attributes the improvement to the "increase in low-cost services" -as it can be, for example, telecare-directed to moderate dependents, with what is "abandoned to the most serious, requiring attention with greater urgency", ie, severe dependents and large dependents. "The wait list goes down, but the list of the most serious people remains, which remains unchanged at around 110,000," said the president of the association.
This would explain that the average expenditure per dependent has also been decreasing over the years. The observatory has the official data corresponding to the last three years (previously worked with estimates). In 2015, the cost was 9,075 euros per year. In 2016, of 8,437. In 2017 it fell again to 8,225 euros.
According to this association, the data provided by the ministry – and obtained from official sources certified by the intervention of each autonomous community – confirm the cumulative impact on public spending of the 2012 cuts: until December last year it was 4,600 millions of euros. This is the reason why they request the current government to comply with the agreement for the dependency, signed in 2016 by all the political groups except the PP, and that the investment prior to the cuts be recovered, which requires introducing system 470 million euros per year, "which would allow serving 100,000 people in the limbo of the dependency and generate 30,000 direct jobs."
The cumulative impact for public spending of the 2012 cuts is 4,600 million euros
"At first we asked to reverse the cuts. Then, start the road to negotiate within the territorial council and that the General State Administration ends up contributing 50% of the financing, which is what the law establishes, "says Ramírez. "This would imply that the government doubles the investment it is currently making."
As a positive aspect, the observatory highlights the "change in attitude of the ministry", which has facilitated "for the first time information on the financing of the system". This was one of the five points agreed in the 2016 agreement. "A democratic breakthrough in transparency and information that is worth recognizing", is highlighted in the statement.