The Ministry of Ecological Transition has sent to various institutions, such as political parties or NGOs, a draft of the preliminary draft Law on Climate Change Y Transition Energy, whose content (succinct) was presented to the media last Tuesday by the Secretary of State for the Environment, Hugo Morán.
The preliminary project, of 42 pages, is as generic as the summary document delivered to the press, which highlighted the Government's intention to include in the norm the prohibition to sell and register as of 2040 any tourism or light vehicle with combustion engine (diesel, gasoline, diesel, hybrids, gas, etc.), except those considered historic and circulating in 2050. In addition, in that horizon all electricity will be produced from renewable sources or in the next decade will proceed to auction 3,000 MW of green power annually.
Legal sources ensure that the generic nature of the proposal responds to the fact that it is "a programmatic law, of signals, transversal and with a distant time horizon". And its massive diffusion is considered, in fact, of the obligatory public consultation in the procedure of any norm. There are two ways of doing this: or formally, publishing a non-articulated text on the ministry's website, on which anyone can give their opinion, or through an articulated text to which maximum publicity is given, which amounts to a public consultation.
The Government does not have a fixed term to approve a law that will require a great development, but it must present before the end of the year before Brussels the National Energy and Climate Plan, with the concrete objectives of the fight against climate change, its calendar and objectives of reduction of sectoral emissions, etc. Without having initiated the process of the law, said plan would be considered incomplete, hence the launching of the future law.
The draft, which has 31 articles distributed in 9 titles and several provisions, adds some concrete information regarding the obligation of service stations to install charging points for electric cars. Thus, gas stations with sales exceeding 10 million liters per year in 2017, must install an infrastructure with a capacity greater than 22 kW in a period of 12 months (previously, within nine months of the entry into force of the leu, they will have to present a project to the ministry).
In the case that the volume sold is between five and ten million liters, the company will have the deadline to submit said project in 15 months, and the installation must operate in the following year.
The big oil companies, like Repsol, Cepsa or BP, that add about 6,000 gas stations throughout Spain, more than half of the park, have not wanted to provide the number of them that would be affected by the measure. "We do not want to give information to the competition," they say in Cepsa.
In the oil sector, which, according to the proposal, would be affected by the long-term prohibition to explore and produce hydrocarbons in the national territory (Repsol has an extraction platform, Casablanca, off the coast of Tarragona) consider that the measures they will not have an impact in the short term.
In addition to achieving that electricity generation is 100% renewable in 2050, the preliminary draft provides for a reduction of 90% emissions on that date, regarding the level of 1990 and 20% in 2030. The Government will study the establishment of the so-called Eurovignette, a levy applied to heavy goods vehicles for the use of roads.
With the objective of taxing fossil fuels and encouraging renewables, at the time of auctioning the new capacity, "criteria of support for technological innovation and manageability, social and territorial cohesion and just transition towards decarbonisation" will be established. In addition, production with renewables will have priority in the access and connection to transport and distribution networks.
Among the objectives of biofuels, these and other renewable fuels will be incentivized in air transport.
Another measure refers to listed companies and the financial sector. In these cases, sustainability issues will be taken into account when preparing the indexes used as reference in financial contracts or when measuring the profitability of the funds.