Two Turati coincided in time in the Italy of the early twentieth century. One, Filippo, founded the Socialist Party and another, Augusto, was secretary general of the National Fascist Party. On the shoulders of the latter, Augusto Turati, fell the weight of one of the great obsessions of Benito Mussolini: turning the exhibition of the physicist into one of the prides of fascism. Own Duce, as is known, he used to walk without a shirt with a tanned chest (a habit that, without tanning due to cultural issues, Russian President Vladimir Putin has continued, if both hairs were on his chest they could head the very Galician category of peitolobos). In addition to being a fascist, Turati had another trait that was not far behind him: he was a journalist and became head of The Stampa. But of him, Mussolini admired his third vocation: that of athlete. It was very much, also in the offices. Turati was president of the Italian Tennis Federation, president of the Italian Athletics Federation and president of the Italian Olympic Committee, practically the triathlon of the canapé.
In the summer of 1928, impelled by the Duce, Augusto Turati managed to conjugate his three passions. He did it in a magazine: The Fascist Sport The aim was to spread "the Roman character of sport to educate the masses". Almost a political program was leaked among children, adolescents and young people, as well as party and government positions, in which sport was no longer a requirement with oneself but as a patriotic obligation inherent to the fascist act. It was not fascism for fat people. All this revolving around the figure fuertota, always a Neapolitan to begin to suspect, Benito Mussolini. One of his most attentive bards, Lando Ferreti, proclaimed in the first issue of the magazine: "He is a living and unsurpassed example of a pure-bred sportsman.We do not fear the accusation of servile tribute if we say that Mussolini is the first and most complete athlete from Italy ". He did not fear, Ferreti, the accusation of servility for saying that a short man of 50 years without making was the first and most complete Italian sportsman. "What hidden and inexhaustible treasures of power have to be more and more agile and strong," he concludes. There he could be afraid a little.
The Fascist Sport It was created after the Games of Amsterdam in an exquisitely mussolinian atmosphere that made proclaim its athletes before the tests: "I will fight to pass all the tests to conquer all the primates with the vigor in the agonizing fields […], I will fight to win on behalf of Italy. So I will fight as ordered by the Duce. I swear it! "And of remembrance, in addition to what they got, a beautiful adornment in the form of M, initial of you go to know what Italian politician of that time.The most fascist sports, those to which the State gave more honors , were those that were valid for combat, gymnastics, shooting, fencing, resistance tests, rowing, athletics and everything that needed to be used from a bicycle to a motorcycle or a car, as "sports of courage in which the driver often has to take a decision of life or death. "" Mussolini does well to have young people, that is, to Italy, at a high temperature because he knows that in the world there is no truce or mercy for those who let themselves be surprised, "Alejandro Viuda cites. Serrano and Teresa González-Aja to Varale in university work Heroes of paper. Sports and the press as tools of political propaganda of fascism and Francoism.
In The fascism of the Italians. A social history, Professor Patrizia Dogliani relates the psychological spring that acted at the time to privilege both physical education. There was a desire for revenge towards the Anglo-American world that considered the Italians "a dispersed people of poor and weak emigrants", a similar spring that years later caused the appearance of the catenaccio with another objective: to assimilate that reality and exploit it. Before the Munich Games, Ferreti dismissed the athletes calling them to compete for "the honor of the dead [de la Gran Guerra] and the glory of the living. "As he said the Duce two years before, when the World Cup was held in Italy, in a phrase that summarized his conception of sport: "You have to win." "That will try, neglect." "He has not understood me: it's an order." They won, yes.