Although the obligation to pay starts with the benefit of work, this requirement is maintained during the period in which the worker receives the unemployment benefit.
In this way you can continue enjoying health care while adding contribution periods for future retirement or other Social Security benefits such as widowhood, maternity or paternity.
Therefore, during the period of unemployment Social Security is paid for common contingencies of: retirement, permanent disability, death and survival, temporary disability, protection of the family and health care. And on the other hand, there is no contribution for unemployment, work accidents and occupational diseases, Salary Guarantee Fund and Vocational Training.
How is it calculated?
While the unemployment benefit is received, it is the State Public Employment Service (SEPE) that enters the contributions to the Social Security, assuming the business contribution and discounting the citizen, from the amount of his benefit, 100% of the corresponding quota. Although in the case of an employed person in the fixed or discontinuous fixed agricultural system, the SEPE takes over 73.50% of the contribution to Social Security.
The Social Security contribution base of the unemployment benefit is the same as the regulatory base. That is, not to be confused with the total benefit received by the unemployed, but rather it is the average of the contribution bases of the last 180 days (six months) worked, excluding the remuneration received for overtime.
There is cases in which it is the company and not the SEPE that takes charge of the quotation during unemployment, specifically when the unemployment situation is caused by a temporary suspension of the contract or a temporary reduction of the working day (by decision of the employer or by a bankruptcy procedure). The contribution base will be the equivalent to the average of the bases of the last six months of listed occupation, for common contingencies and for contingencies of work accidents and occupational diseases, prior to the legal situation of unemployment or when the legal obligation to contribute came to an end. The company enters the contribution that corresponds to it and the SEPE only the contribution of the worker, once made the discount of the part that it assumes.
Do not confuse unemployment benefit with unemployment benefit. ANDUnemployment subsidy is a non-contributory benefit that does not imply a Social Security contribution. Only the beneficiaries of the specific subsidy for those over 55 years of age are quoted. In these cases, the SEPE enters the Social Security contribution corresponding to the retirement, taking into account as a contribution base 100% of the minimum contribution limit in effect at each moment. In addition, people in this situation can subscribe with the Social Security a Special Agreement to supplement the retirement contribution