The "datification" of our lives and the monitoring of our day to day – through mobile or wearables – have changed the way we think. Moreover: they have made us see that we can go much further. That what the mobile measures remains, even short when it comes to knowing how we use things, how we can optimize processes … how it is possible to save time and money and improve our lives, in short.
The integration of the internet in objects is an unstoppable trend. On the one hand, if we look at the products of the companies, the proliferation of smart loudspeakers can not go unnoticed, whether we are talking about Alexa, Google Home or any other model. They are the "gadget of the moment". But these devices are nothing more than a gateway for capturing data on behavior and use by users. Also the first big step towards domotization of the home, as a nerve center to control plugs, furnaces, thermostats or light bulbs.
But not even the IoT has to be integrated as standard in a product. An object does not have to be "born" intelligently, but can evolve thanks to external sensors that are coupled and allow monitoring their use to know how they are actually used. It is the case of the sensor Universall. How many times a chair is used in the office or the helmet in a construction site, what use do we make of a mattress in our home, is it possible that the armchair of my house warns me that my family is safe? These are just some questions that we will be able to answer shortly, thanks to the IoT.
Given this scenario, it is estimated that currently there are 26,440 million connected objects in the world, according to Statista data. And it's just the beginning, since the number is expected to multiply by almost three in less than six years. Specifically, it is estimated that by 2025 there will already be 74,440 IoT objects globally.
This trend, of course, poses challenges, as well as opportunities. More devices in the home or office imply new hacking possibilities and more private data collected, more information to protect.
What should be invested to ensure the security of IoT devices? The Internet of Things Security recommends very guidelines: that security architectures for devices, networks and systems are developed at the same time as the devices themselves, instead of being adapted afterwards; offer adequate protection for all potential attack surfaces; make it clear to the user what private data is being handled and what it is going to be used for (which allows creating extra layers of security in the private sphere); shield personal identifiers (names, addresses, emails …) and manage encryption keys securely.
Beyond these guidelines, probably new information exchange technologies such as blockchain will allow to manage in a new, more secure way, the data, will come to inject new security solutions to the IoT. However, if something is key is that companies internalize that it is necessary to build this new security architecture for the IoT from the base and that users assume that they will begin to share private data in a way that until now could be threatening.
When we talk about IoT, we talk about the next internet frontier. It is not a new attractive technology designed to sell more phones or a new concrete use, but a new way of understanding the Internet application to improve all areas of our lives. If something I'm sure is that rarely in the history of the Internet has been worth so much that both companies and users we rethink our privacy. The future depends on it.