Oxfam Intermón has called on the new Government to put the care sector at the center of its social policies and to match the labor rights of domestic workers to those of the rest.
The NGO has launched its global inequality report on Monday within the framework of the Davos Forum, in which it denounces that this type of work is mainly carried out by women and girls: those over 15 who do it without receiving any remuneration amount to less than 10.8 billion dollars annually, a figure that triples the size of the global technology industry.
According to this report, last year the 2,153 billionaires in the world had more wealth than 4,600 million people. The 22 richest men on the planet have more wealth than all the women in Africa together.
And “Spain replicates this same situation,” says the head of Institutional Relations at Oxfam Intermón, Lara Contreras.
Not surprisingly, remember, in 2018, 130 million hours a day were used in our country for unpaid care work, equivalent to 16 million people working eight hours a day without receiving any remuneration and 14.9% of the GDP, according to the International Labor Organization (ILO).
“Women are overrepresented in the worst-paid jobs, since they account for 75%, while they only occupy 35% of the highest-paid jobs,” he emphasizes to add that “eight out of ten Spaniards on the Forges list are men.” .
They also occupy 3.5 times more partial jobs; In 22.4% of cases it is by choice to devote time to care, a figure that drops to 4.8% in men.
“There is still a very internalized role that has to do with a patriarchal and capitalist culture and that is condemning women to perform a series of jobs, either because they themselves or society believe they have to do it,” Contreras denounces.
From Oxfam Intermon, they applaud that the Coalition Government has established as a hallmark the fight against inequality and feminist principles, but “it has a lot to do.”
Thus, it celebrates the measures announced to reduce job insecurity, the increase in the minimum wage or the regularization of temporary and partiality, as well as the equalization of the rights of domestic workers in the social security system.
But, he warns, “that incorporation must be at the same level of rights as the rest of the workers, it must be a total recovery of rights”, so that “a good feminist policy that puts the care in the center must mean that the state and the company must be jointly responsible. ”
Oxfam Intermon misses the fact that the government agreement does not refer to the minimum guaranteed income to end extreme poverty as the two parties proposed in their electoral programs and that they bet on a more progressive taxation.