Autonomous driving, mobility as a service, intermodality or predictive maintenance are some of the trends that are driving the new digital technologies and which will be key in the mobility of the future.
This is clear from the "Report on Trends in the Transport Sector" prepared by Indra, in which the company analyzes the geopolitical, regulatory, social, organizational and technological environment of the sector, as well as the main challenges and objectives that the different protagonists of this transformation pursue in terms of mobility.
"Technology is the true basis on which the intelligent and sustainable mobility of the 21st century is based," says Berta Barrero, Indra's Director of Transportation, who stresses that "the speed of transformation is where the real common challenge lies. of the sector ».
Artificial intelligence, "cloud", "big data", "IoT", augmented reality or "machine learning" are making possible new mobility models that will bring numerous advantages not only for users, but also for managers, operators and Administration. . These benefits range from lower costs and the possibility of resizing routes in real time, to safer driving by car, as well as lower environmental impacts, among many other aspects.
For Indra, at the center of mobility will be users, who increasingly want to have greater control of their trip. Barrero considers that these will be "the central axis of a new offer of services of integral mobility, in which the global operators of mobility will compete".
Thanks to new technologies that facilitate the so-called shared economy, "big data" and solutions for urban and inter-urban intermodality, travelers will soon be able to enjoy transport without technological barriers, assisted with real-time information, adapted to their preferences and needs at every moment, optimized and with a lower cost.
For example, from a single application, a user can configure their profile, choose their different means of transport, access each of them indiscriminately and pay at the end of the month according to the use they have made, in addition to accessing "prizes" for Your most sustainable choices.
On the other hand, the operators of buses, subway or trains, will have, in not long time, a system of integrated management of routes, centralized and connected with information of the travelers and of the traffic, in which the machine learning and the big data will make it possible to resize the routes in real time or generate customized routes for users of other means of transport. In this way, they will be able to carry out a more intelligent, intermodal and optimized management of their services.
Mobility as a service (MaaS) will be, according to Indra, another trend towards the evolution of traffic managers and motorway concessionaires, with solutions for access to certain roads or modular pricing and real-time payment according to road conditions , the day or time, the occupation of the vehicle, etc.
Likewise, the "IoT" and the new secure mobile communications will facilitate the progress of the connected and / or autonomous car, which will radically change the user's experience in his travels by highway, accessing the maximum information and assistance for a safer driving and, even, to leisure or other content.
Goods and maintenance
The optimization of costs in the maintenance of the infrastructures, the traceability of the merchandise and the optimization of the so-called «last mile» and the final delivery are, according to the technological company, the main challenges faced by the owners of infrastructures and logistics operators, respectively.
The latter will have platforms for integrated management of merchandise with total traceability, based on "blockchain" and "smart contracts", connected with traffic data in real time and that facilitate the distribution with a lower environmental impact, as well as optimizing the load in trains and trucks.
Other transport trends will be, according to the report prepared by Indra, the predictive maintenance of infrastructures, supported by "big data" and artificial intelligence, the use of unmanned vehicles (UAVs) to carry out revisions and augmented reality for the training of operators and remote assistance in delicate repairs.
The knowledge of a leader
In addition to including interviews with the most relevant players in the sector, Indra has based its report on the in-depth analysis it has carried out to configure its new transport offer, Indra Mova Solutions, and its experience in more than 2,500 projects in this sector. his participation in Shif2Rail, the main European initiative for research and innovation in rail transport, has been fundamental; and in R + D + i projects such as Transforming Transport, which uses "big data" to improve mobility, or AUTOCITS, which has proven autonomous driving on roads in Lisbon, Madrid and Paris.