The Indian general elections started today in more than fifty electoral districts, a marathon in the largest democracy in the world to which almost 900 million voters are called and which will be developed in seven phases for six weeks, and whose results will be announced on March 23. of May.
In today's phase, open to some 130 million voters in nearly 70 constituencies in the country, the names of 91 of the 543 seats in the Lok Sabha, the Lower House of the Indian Parliament, will be decided, according to the Indian Electoral Commission. (ECI)
Since the opening of the polling stations at 7:00 am local time (1.30 GMT), there have been long but ordered queues at the entrance of the polling stations.
In Noida, a city near New Delhi located in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, the regular trickle of people who came to vote was constant from early in the morning, especially families who came to deposit the ballots.
Most of them recognized to Efe that their hope was that the Indian prime minister, Narendra Modi, of the Hindu nationalist party BJP, would repeat victory in these elections.
The districts in line today belong to the states of Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Kashmir, Maharashtra, Manipur and Meghalaya.
Also disputes circumscriptions of the states of Mizoram, Nagaland, Odisha, Sikkim, Telangana, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, West Bengal, and the territories of the islands of Andaman and Nicobar, and Lakshadweep.
Among the most prominent figures measured at the polls today are several officials of the current BJP government, such as Nitin Gadkari, V. K. Singh, Mahesh Sharma.
In addition, Gaurav Gogoi and Renuka Chowdhury, of the historic Congress Party, the main opposition formation.
Under the formula of parliamentary government, in India a political formation requires the total support of a simple majority, that is, at least 272 parliamentarians, to be able to form a government.
Modi and his party, the Hindu nationalist BJP, is a favorite to repeat the electoral victory, although Rahul Gandhi's historic Congress Party, which hopes to give the bell thanks to a game of alliances, looks strongly in opposition.
The system of phases has been used to handle the logistical complexities that a population of suffragists supposes that is equivalent to the electors registered for the last presidential ones of the United States, multiplied by four.
Added to this are the geographical difficulties of the country, which has 3.3 million square kilometers of extension and 1.210 million inhabitants, and that in spite of its economic development still faces serious problems of infrastructure and transport, especially in its rural areas.
The second phase of the elections should be held on April 18 in almost a hundred districts of 13 states of the country.