Immunofitness. The important protection of the immune system as we age

"Every day there is more scientific evidence that maintaining the immune system in the best possible condition after 60 years of age is possible and constitutes a fundamental pillar for successful and healthy aging"

RENE DE LAMAR The Gran Canarian palms Specialist in Geriatrics and Gerontology, medical advisor of CANARIAS7

Immunosenescence can be defined as the changes that take place in the immune system as we age, this system plays an essential role in general health and in the proper functioning of the human body.

It should also be taken into account that this system influences the speed at which the aging process takes place, that is, the biological age and consequently the longevity of each person, so based on such an important issue in In the context of an increasingly aging society and even in times of a global pandemic, we structured today's article.

Immunosenescence is a condition in which several factors intervene, which translates into relevant health problems in the elderly population.

The various changes that occur through our network of immune cells as the years go by are complex and explain how age is related to vulnerability to certain diseases.

When referring to this longevity, we speak of the so-called “average longevity” or “average life expectancy”, which represents the average number of years that individuals in a population live and depends primarily on lifestyle factors.

The changes that occur throughout our network of immune cells as we age are complex.

The average longevity has been increasing since the beginning of the last century and is currently approximately 80/85 years with a clear feminization of aging, women live longer than men.

When speaking of "maximum life expectancy" or "maximum longevity", reference is made to the maximum age attainable by individuals belonging to a specific species, a fact that is genetically determined and influenced by lifestyle.

As members of the Homosapiens species we can reach 120 years.

Currently, an important medical objective should be that the majority of the population manage to get closer to their maximum average longevity but in conditions that are as healthy as possible and delay the deterioration stage as long as possible.

In aging, the progressive accumulation of changes that lead to a general decrease in the body's function is associated with a lower ability to maintain internal balance and the important immune system, which is why it should be stimulated and cared for with all available means.

What is the modern term Immunofitness?

Basically it refers to the need to train the immune system to counteract the immunosenescence that is gradually established from the age of 50-60, depending on the case, in a significant percentage of people.

Over the years, the deterioration of the immune system begins naturally or physiologically, progressively with an impact on health and quality of life, since it plays a fundamental role in protecting the body from infections of various kinds and external aggressions.

We must be aware that just as physical exercise, cognitive stimulation, intellectual activity and socialization are maintained, our immune system must be trained and protected, a great ally for successful aging.

This is due to the deterioration experienced by the different systems, the nervous, endocrine and immune systems, as well as the communication that exists between them.

A good internal balance of the organism is the basis of health, the difficulty of having it when aging explains the greater risk of morbidity and mortality that one has with advancing age.

The alterations that over time appear at each level of our biological organization, from the molecular, to the individual as a whole, through cells, tissues and different systems, occur differently in each one of them and of the different individuals of a species.

This means that the speed of aging is different in each of the members of a population of the same chronological age, which gave rise to the concept of "biological age", with greater predictive value of how one is aging and of longevity. that a person will reach that chronological age.

If knowing the chronological age is easy, determining the biological requires finding markers that, in a reliable way, indicate the speed at which the person is experiencing their particular aging process.

practical data

  • Longevity.
    The average longevity gives a measure of the duration of the aging process of each person, which begins once growth has been completed and adult reproductive age has been reached.

  • Aging.
    The aging period is the longest in the existence of the human being, so it is never too late to acquire healthy habits and apply preventive measures.

  • Healthspan.
    Reaching advanced ages of life in healthy conditions and with autonomy is called Healthspan, and it is the goal of medicine today.

  • Functional balance.
    Achieving good longevity, both in terms of quantity and quality of years, depends on each person's ability to maintain their functional balance and a competent immune system.

  • Genome.
    The person's genes (genome) participate in 25%, lifestyle and environmental factors (ambiome) contribute mostly, with 75% to the health status of each person.

  • Genes and environment.
    This influence of genes and environment will take place throughout our lives and in an important way throughout the long aging process.

  • Heterogeneity.
    In the aging process there is great heterogeneity, an 80-year-old person can be completely different from another of the same age and even family.

  • biological age.
    The problem with biological age is the great difficulty of determining it with the greatest precision.

  • To do.
    A healthy diet, daily physical activity, having the vaccination in order, the control of chronic diseases, the performance of specific analyzes that determine the immune status to correct possible deterioration are of great importance.

  • Immune system.
    Given the participation of the immune system in maintaining health and in the aging process, keeping this system in proper conditions of function and regulation will help us obtain a healthy longevity.

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