The Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture (IICA) reported today on the creation of a technical document that will facilitate access to good practices and innovations for the integral management of water resources in the farms of producers in the region.
IICA, together with Soluciones Prácticas de Perú, developed the "Inventory of water management technologies for family agriculture", a tool aimed at extension agents, training and agricultural technical assistance.
The objective is for development promoters to guide small-scale agriculture producers in the adoption of some of the 42 technologies that the publication presents, which are low-cost and sustainable over time, IICA said in a statement. Headquarters in Costa Rica.
"The inventoried technologies allow the producer to increase the irrigation efficiency at the plot level, optimize the operation of the collective hydraulic systems and reduce the evapotranspiration of the soil-plant system", affirmed IICA's agribusiness specialist and co-author of the document, Luis Morán .
In addition, it seeks to improve water consolidation through recharge measures that facilitate infiltration into aquifers, subsoil and soil, or through water harvesting and other practices that protect the quality of the resource.
The technical document presents cases of technologies for efficient water management adopted and implemented in countries such as Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador, Spain, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay.
According to the authorities, family farming is one of the areas most affected by the difficulties of access, use and use of water, which causes losses of crops, crops and assets and conditions production volumes and commercial management.
"The content summarizes the essential characteristics of each technology to enable technicians to recognize their usefulness and relevance, and optimize the investment of time in the initial stage of finding alternatives to a particular problem," said Morán.
Data from IICA, an entity that is part of the Organization of American States (OAS), indicate that family farming represents more than 80 percent of productive units in Latin America, which is a key segment for sustainable development.