How to know if you have Covid, the flu, an allergy or a simple cold

How to know if you have Covid, the flu, an allergy or a simple cold

The hospitalization rate for Covid It is at a minimum as well as the incidence in Primary Care with lower records than the flu. The incidence is 1 case of admission per hundred thousand inhabitants. although it is higher in citizens of more than 79 years old, of an 8.6.

But, during the winter, respiratory diseases take center stage and we are in the middle of flu season. The second wave of the flu that we are experiencing this winter is having a high incidence and can cause serious lung infections.

The high incidence of flu and the arrival of allergies could complicate the conditions in vulnerable populations

On the other hand, the allergies They have been brought forward this year, which can complicate the situation, especially for especially vulnerable people, such as young children or the elderly.

covid shares some symptoms with the flu, colds and allergies, how do we know what we have? We tell you the main differences and similarities.

¿Covid o Gripe?

flu vaccination |EUROPA PRESS

Both covid and flu are contagious diseases caused by viruses. That of the covid is SARS-CoV2 and those of the flu are the viruses of influence A and B.

The covid shares with the gripe many symptoms: headache, cough, muscle pain, tiredness, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, fever, shortness of breath or difficulty breathing.

A study confirms that there is 10 months of natural immunity after contracting Covid-19

But covid can cause complications other than those caused by influenza such as blood clots, post-illness conditions, and pediatric multisystem inflammatory syndrome.

Covid symptoms usually appear between 2 and 14 days after exposure to the virus.

¿Covid or cold?

A man with a cold / EUROPA PRESS
A man with a cold |EUROPA PRESS

While the covid is produced by the SARS-Cov2 the culprit of the cold is the rhinovirus. Both viruses spread in a similar way.

The covid shares symptoms with a cold such as cough, sore throat, nasal congestion but usually presents others that are rare in a cold, such as headache, muscle pain, tiredness and fever.

Los symptoms of a common cold usually appear one to three days after exposure to the virus. It usually lasts from 3 to 10 days, although some colds can last for two or three weeks.

Covid or allergy?

A person with a pollen allergy / PUBLIC DOMAIN
A person with a pollen allergy |PUBLIC DOMAIN

Seasonal allergies are caused by the immune system's response to exposure to allergens such as pollen.

It should be borne in mind that allergies always cause no fever. They are usually accompanied by conjunctivitis, itchy eyes and tearing.

Virologists warn of the coexistence of the flu with the spring allergy "that is ahead"

With the allergies, the only symptom that covid shares is congestion or runny nose. Covid does not itch the nose, eyes or inner ear, symptoms that allergies do.

One way to tell what you have is the duration of the symptoms. If they last for weeks, it is an allergic process. They are usually harmless, unlike covid.