The Ministry of Social Security presented this Thursday a proposal for the future contribution system for the self-employed based on their “real income”. That is, from what they earn, their net income. The approach includes thirteen contribution brackets according to the earnings of the workers, with a minimum fee of 184 euros per month and a maximum of 1,267 euros per month in 2031, when the adaptation is proposed to end. Social Security has shared this Friday a graph of how the self-employed are distributed according to their earnings, with almost 30% earning less than 6,300 euros a year and 20% with returns of more than 30,000 euros.
The minimum fee for the self-employed will increase by eight euros per month in 2022
According to the declared returns and the Ministry’s estimates, “it is estimated that some 2,059 million self-employed people will pay a fee equal to or less than what they pay now,” they say in the portfolio directed by José Luis Escrivá. That is, approximately two-thirds of all self-employed workers in 2031.
“Of those who have returns below the SMI, which are more than two million self-employed workers, it is estimated that 99% will pay an equal or lesser fee,” they add in Social Security.
The approach of the Ministry is that the self-employed is to progressively deploy the new system over nine years. It is intended that the self-employed can change up to six times in the year of the contribution bracket, depending on their income forecasts, and that when calculating the year it is adjusted with real returns. In addition, it is planned to maintain a flat rate of 70 euros per month for the next two years.
Trading continues on Monday
The Government’s proposal will continue to be debated this Monday with the social agents and the most representative self-employed associations, UATAE, ATA and UPTA. The adaptation of the contribution system to the real income earned by the self-employed has been a claim for a year by the UATAE and UPTA organizations, linked to the CCOO and UGT unions. It is also a recommendation of the parliamentary majority, which was reflected in the Toledo Pact. At ATA, an organization within CEOE, they don’t like the measure.
The challenge now facing the Executive is to carry out this transformation of the contribution system so that the self-employed – like employees – contribute based on what they earn. The idea is that the contribution is “fairer”, that it allows those with low incomes to pay less, and that it means paying more to those who earn more. The latter, who would contribute more, are estimated at just over a million workers, a third of the total.
In the negotiation sessions, some points of friction will be addressed, such as the time and the way in which the measure is deployed, and the amounts finally resulting for the quotas. One of the goals is to reinforce the social protection of this group, the benefits they receive (sick leave, pensions, cessation of activity), which until now have been very low, marked by the minimum contribution.