The Ministry of Health of the Government of the Canary Islands insists on the importance of maintaining healthy life habits to prevent Cancer. Following this line, and based on Population Registry of the incidence of pathology in the Autonomous Community, it is estimated that the number of patients affected by this pathology during 2018 in the Archipelago resulted in a total of 11,384. Of this figure, 6,509 would be men, and 4,875 women.
It is about some data that come to light on the occasion of the celebration of the World Cancer Day, which as every year, is commemorated on February 4. On this occasion, the campaign has a motto Commit to act. The truth is that many types of cancer could be prevented by avoiding exposure to risk factors such as tobacco smoke, alcohol consumption, obesity, sedentary lifestyle or reduced intake of fruits and vegetables. In fact, 30% of deaths are related to lifestyle. Also, a significant percentage of tumors can be cured by surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy. Especially, if they are detected at an early stage.
By sex, the most frequent tumor in females is breast, while in men it is prostate. Smoking is the most important risk factor, being the cause of 22% of the world deaths due to cancer and 71% of the cases of lung cancer. This disease is one of the leading causes of death in Spain. In the Canary Islands, one in three men and one in five women will be diagnosed with the disease throughout their lives.
Cancer is characterized by a process of uncontrolled growth and spread of cells that can appear virtually anywhere in the body. The tumor usually invades the surrounding tissue and can cause metastasis at distant points in the body. Hence the importance of prevention and early detection, in order to stop the increase in the incidence of the condition. According to the International Union Against Cancer, the cancers of highest lethality are those of lung, stomach, liver, colon and breast.