The Spanish Society of Public Health and Health Administration (SESPAS) and the Facua consumer organization have asked the Madrid City Council on Tuesday to keep Madrid Central for health reasons, because it prevents illnesses and prevents deaths, and for the air quality of the city. capital.
In both press releases both entities ask the Madrid City Council to keep Madrid Central because the city must be among those in Europe that bet "for the health of all populations and for the health of the planet" (SESPAS) and because -remember FACUA – The pollution is responsible every year of about 38,600 premature deaths in Spain, according to the European Environment Agency.
The new mayor of Madrid, José Luis Martínez Almeida (PP), determined that from day 1 no fines would be imposed on drivers who improperly entered the perimeter of Central Madrid, as agreed by the government of his predecessor, Manuela Carmena
However, four days later, a judge stopped the moratorium on fines and gave the City Hall three days to present their arguments.
The Spanish Society of Public Health and Health Administration, which sees "very reasonable that the judicial authority has agreed to leave this suspension without precautionary effect", requires compliance with the current legislation on public health to the City of Madrid and the State Health Authority .
SESPAS urges Madrid City Council to "preserve the efforts previously adopted to reduce air pollution, and expand them to be able to progress".
"Central Madrid protects the health of citizens, current and future, because it prevents preventable disease and deaths while promoting physical activity," says the Society after recalling that "air pollution greatly affects the collective health."
And remember how the high concentrations of pollutants in large cities are mainly due to emissions from vehicle engines, especially diesel, and they result in relatively high levels of particulate matter in nitrogen oxide (NO2) and in some cases of ozone.
SESPAS also insists that particles in suspension, especially the finest particles, such as nitrogen oxides and ozone, which are breathable and reach the alveoli, "have a negative impact on health and affect the entire population."
And remember that air pollution increases hospital admissions and deaths from heart and vascular problems, bronchitis, asthma and other respiratory diseases, in addition to increasing the risk of premature and underweight newborns, and of altering neurological development in the childhood.
"Also," he says, "living in an area with more air pollution carries more risk of long-term respiratory cancer."
This Society also says that several large Spanish cities "exceed the average levels acceptable for some pollutants, or the maximum number of days with concentrations higher than those defined in the regulations" and recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO).
FACUA Madrid, on the other hand, says that it joins the Platform in Defense of Central Madrid to defend the project, of which the technical reports allow to verify that in the first months of operation the oxides of nitrogen (NOx) in the zone decreased in 38% and carbon dioxide (CO2) by 14.2%.
According to FACUA, traffic in areas as congested as the Gran Vía was reduced with Central Madrid up to 24%, "which has contributed – he says – to the reduction of toxic emissions and their incidence in ailments such as bronchitis, heart attacks, asthma or fatigue".
In its 472 hectares, 37% of the current kilometers traveled and 40% of the emissions of nitrogen dioxide (NO2), a contaminant that affects health and whose levels do not comply with the regulations since 2010, are avoided.
Madrid Central is an area of 472 hectares where only residents' cars, a restricted number of guests, vehicles with a Zero Emissions and Eco label and vehicles B and C that go to a public car park, as well as suppliers and service providers, among others.
(tagsToTranslate) Sanitary (t) consumers (t) keep (t) Madrid (t) Central