According to a study, they are susceptible to higher levels of stress, anxiety and depression
Half of the students diagnosed with high abilities in Spain have been victims of bullying, compared to one in four students without it; and, in addition, they are susceptible to greater
levels of stress, anxiety and depression because of that harassment by their peers.
These are some of the conclusions of the study carried out by the Cyberpsychology research group of the International University of La Rioja (UNIR), in collaboration with the University of the Basque Country and more than fifty high-capacity student associations in Spain .
The study compared the prevalence of crime victimization and perpetration
bullying among 449 adolescents diagnosed with giftedness and 950 students without this diagnosis from 14 centers in Asturias, Castilla y León, Casilla-La Mancha, the Valencian Community, the Community of Madrid, Aragón and the Basque Country, UNIR has detailed in a note.
The results indicate that 50.6% of students with high abilities are involved in victimization problems, which is 27.6% in the case of students without high abilities.
That's how it is
youra gifted student is times more likely to be victimized than a non-gifted student; while the number of aggressors in both samples does not present statistical differences, 1.1% in students with high abilities and 2.4% in students without them.
In addition, the study suggests that being a victim, both for the gifted group and for those who are not, implies high levels of stress, anxiety, depression and a lower health-related quality of life.
However, high-ability victims reported significantly more stress than non-high-ability victims.
"These findings are especially pertinent in the educational and social spheres, since they show that this important group suffers the stakes of violence in a particularly relevant way", indicated the main author of the study, Joaquín González-Cabrera.
The also main researcher of the UNIR Cyberpsychology Group has added that "it is the task of all levels to work towards a safe school environment", so "it must be
continue working to reduce discrimination in the classroom and for a true integration of all students«.
For his part, the national expert in high capacities and co-responsible for the study, Javier Tourón, stated that these results highlight "the urgent need to support the
talent development and psychosocial health of this group of students.
He has insisted that "it is necessary, as required by law, to identify this group early, in order to be able to establish the
appropriate educational measures for their personal progress«, since »it constitutes the most important social capital of this country«