The more than 3,000 Haitians who arrived in Tijuana two years ago, and obtained their residency in Mexico, are an example for thousands of Central American migrant caravans who are looking to stay and work in this city that has reinforced the international crossing points in the last few hours. .
With the difficulty of initiating the process of asylum in the United States, the Central Americans consider the option of staying in Mexico as did the Haitians, who occupy informal jobs, but coupled with the life of the city.
"The Haitians came in small groups and immediately adapted to and adhered to the rules and order of Tijuana, many of whom did not wait for it and joined the work life of this city," the head of the Municipal Development Secretariat told Efe. (Sedesom), Mario Osuna.
On the contrary, Osuna described as "atypical" the case of Central Americans because of the number of people expected, some 5,000, who arrive in Tijuana.
"There is a difficulty in finding where to install them, for their own safety and that of the locals, while they carry out their procedures and normal procedure of stay in Mexico."
With just over 2 million inhabitants, more than half migrants, Osuna points out that Tijuana is a "kind land" for all those who want to enter the United States or who choose to stay and live there.
He recalled that in those days the Haitians had an attitude of work and good behavior and now the Central Americans have to wait for their time.
"Some will return to their country and others will achieve their mission or possibly integrate into the working life of Tijuana," he said.
For this option, Hondurans will have the support of the ambassador of their country in Mexico, Alden Rivera Montes, who for such purposes will establish a mobile consulate in Tijuana and will offer documentation for his compatriots to request asylum in the United States and refuge in Mexico.
The diplomat said that according to data from the state government of Baja California and the municipality of Tijuana, most Haitians went to the central state of Guanajuato, where some 2,000 already have permanent employment in the automotive industry, and the rest remained in Tijuana. where they achieved stable jobs and have access to education and health services. "
The president of the State Commission for Human Rights of Baja California (Cedhbc), Melba Adriana Olvera, said that two years ago they documented the good practices that were observed in the inclusion and respect for human rights of the people of Haiti. and now these practices are going to try to replicate. "
The main objective is to find spaces for their labor inclusion while they complete their process of requesting asylum in the United States. or refuge in Mexico to regularize their immigration status.
"Access to a job for people who are migrating allows them to be autonomous, but the challenge of helping thousands of Central Americans is somewhat complex," Olvera said.
He added that they should be involved in educational, artistic and cultural affairs and offer workshops on human rights and legal issues on asylum application procedures in the United States and how to apply for a humanitarian visa in Mexico.
The activist Enrique Morones, director and founder of the organization "Angeles de la frontera", recalled that Haitians "were well received" and affirms that the same will happen with migrants from Central America.
"Some (Haitians) have already married and formed a family in Tijuana and the same thing is going to happen with Central Americans, many of them already have enough time here, they are all good people although there are exceptions, but those always exist".
According to estimates by authorities of the state of Baja California, about 9,000 migrants will arrive in Tijuana, of whom 5,000 are from Honduras and the rest from Guatemala and El Salvador, as well as believing that Central Americans will be in the city between six months and one year.