October 29, 2020

Guide to action against coronavirus | Society


If you suspect you have Covid-19, the disease caused by the new coronavirus Born in the Chinese city of Wuhan, or have questions about how to protect yourself, this guide includes the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Ministry of Health on how to act in the face of the expansion of SARS-CoV-2.

2. What do I do if I suspect that I am infected?

The way to proceed depends on the degree of exposure.

More information

3. How do I know if I have been in close contact with a positive case?

It is considered “close contact” a distance less than two meters.

More information

4. What will you ask me if I call emergencies?

See the questions on the Covid-19 form.

More information

5. What is the coronavirus test?

The test is based on the sampling of the respiratory tract.

More information

6. How is the test in the laboratory?

The doctors perform a test called PCR.

More information

7. What happens if they confirm that I have Covid-19?

You will be subjected to home isolation or hospital admission.

More information

9. Can I get it again?

There is no scientific evidence to prove it.

More information

10. What phone number should I call?

See this list for enabled phone numbers.

More information

1. How can I prevent contagion?


Cough or sneeze covering your mouth and nose with the elbow flexed or with a handkerchief.

Wash your hands often with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer or soap and water.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth

Hold at least one meter away Between you and other people, especially those who cough, sneeze and have a fever.

Limit the maximum numerous meetings

Cough or sneeze covering your mouth and nose with the elbow flexed or with a handkerchief.

Wash your hands often with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer or soap and water.

Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth

Hold at least one meter away Between you and other people, especially those who cough, sneeze and have a fever.

Limit the maximum numerous meetings

Cough or sneeze covering your mouth and nose with the elbow flexed or with a handkerchief.

Avoid touching the eyes, the nose and the mouth.

Wash your hands often with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer or soap and water.

Limit the maximum numerous meetings

Hold at least one meter away Between you and other people, especially those who cough, sneeze and have a fever.

Wash your hands often with an alcohol-based hand sanitizer or soap and water.

Cough or sneeze covering your mouth and nose with the elbow flexed or with a handkerchief.

Avoid touching the eyes, the nose and the mouth.

Limit the maximum numerous meetings

Hold at least one meter away Between you and other people, especially those who cough, sneeze and have a fever.

2. What do I do if I suspect that I am infected?

If you think you may have Covid-19 because it presents compatible symptoms (fever, tiredness or dry cough), has traveled to areas considered as a source of infection (China, South Korea, Singapore, Iran and northern Italy) or has been close to an infected person, follow these steps:


He has been in risk or contact areas with a contagious?

Go to your

doctor like

a query

habitual

Call 112

or local phone

They will make you a

home test

B) I have been in risk areas or in contact with an infected person

Has been less than two meters of an infected person for a continuous time?

Make lifetime

normal and

keep watch their

symptom

I called

to 112 or

phone

local

Continue until 14 days of quarantine

They will make you a

home test

He has been in risk or contact areas with a contagious?

Go to your

doctor like

a query

habitual

Call 112

or local phone

They will make you a

home test

B) I have been in risk areas or in contact with an infected person

Has been less than two meters of an infected person for a continuous time?

Make lifetime

normal and

keep watch their

symptom

I called

to 112 or

phone

local

Continue until 14 days of quarantine

They will make you a

home test

B) I have been in risk areas or in contact with an infected person

He has been in risk or contact areas with a contagious?

Has been less than two meters of an infected person for a continuous time?

Go to your

doctor like

a query

habitual

Make lifetime

normal and

keep watch their

symptom

Call 112

or local phone

Continue until 14 days of quarantine

They will make you a

home test

B) I have been in risk areas or in contact with an infected person

He has been in risk or contact areas with a contagious?

Has been less than two meters of an infected person for a continuous time?

Go to your

doctor like

a query

habitual

Make normal life and

keep watch Your symptoms

Call 112

or local phone

Continue until 14 days of quarantine

They will make you a

home test

The most common symptoms of Covid-19 are fever, tiredness and dry cough. Some patients also suffer from pain, nasal congestion, rhinorrhea, sore throat or diarrhea.


Congestion and / or

nasal discharge

Congestion and / or

nasal discharge

Congestion and / or

nasal discharge

If you have severe respiratory problems, as difficulty breathing, always seek medical attention or contact 112 or your local emergency service. Any person who is hospitalized for an acute respiratory infection will undergo a coronavirus test when other possible infectious causes that may justify the clinical picture have been ruled out, regardless of whether it has been in close contact with a person infected or if he has traveled to an infection site in the previous two weeks.

3. How do I know if I have been in close contact with a positive case?

It is considered “close contact” when it has remained at a distance of less than two meters from a probable or confirmed case for a continuous time (it will depend on each case and the criteria of the authorities or doctors).

4. What will you ask me if I call emergencies?







Covid-19 form

These are the questions you should answer if you contact the health authorities because you suspect that you have been infected with Wuhan’s coronavirus.

5. What is the coronavirus test?

The test is based on the sampling of the respiratory tract. It is done by a health worker at home, usually when the case study is asymptomatic or the symptoms are mild, or in a health center, if the patient is admitted by a serious condition.


Exudate or

aspirate/

washed

Biopsy/

Necropsy

of lung

Exudate or

vacuum / wash

Biopsy/

Necropsy

of lung

Exudate or aspirated / washed

Biopsy or Necropsy

of lung

If the test is negative, the case is dismissed. Only if it is positive or inconclusive, new samples are taken, which must be sent to the National Center for Microbiology (CNM):

  • Pair of sera taken with a difference between 14 and 30 days: the first serum should be collected in the first week of illness. If it is only possible to collect a serum sample, it must be taken at least 14 days after the onset of symptoms in order to confirm the presence of specific antibodies.

  • Stool and urine: To confirm or rule out virus excretion by alternative routes to the respiratory tract in positive patients.

In this chronicle, an isolated patient at home tells in first person how his test was.

6. How is the test in the laboratory?

Physicians perform a test called PCR (polymerase chain reaction) in a microbiology laboratory. These are the steps:


to. A sample of the genetic material is taken by rubbing the oral cavity with a stick.

b. Primers are added, which are molecules designed to connect to the virus genome.

c. The primers are extended, generating a replica of the genetic material.

d. Through this technique, multiple replicas of the original genetic material are generated. This way it is easier to detect viral RNA.

and. To consider a contagion, two positive PCR tests must be obtained from alternative genes.

to. A sample of the genetic material is taken by rubbing the oral cavity with a stick.

b. Primers are added, which are molecules designed to connect to the virus genome.

c. The primers are extended, generating a replica of the genetic material.

d. Through this technique, multiple replicas of the original genetic material are generated. This way it is easier to detect viral RNA.

and. To consider a contagion, two positive PCR tests must be obtained from alternative genes.

to. A sample of the genetic material is taken by rubbing the oral cavity with a stick.

b. Primers are added, which are molecules designed to connect to the virus genome.

c. The primers are extended, generating a replica of the genetic material.

d. Through this technique, multiple replicas of the original genetic material are generated. This way it is easier to detect viral RNA.

and. To consider a contagion, two positive PCR tests must be obtained from alternative genes.

7. What happens if they confirm that I have Covid-19?

If you do not have symptoms or the symptoms are mild, the health authorities will prescribe home isolation and extreme hygiene measures to avoid infecting caregivers, such as the use of masks, handwashing with soap and water or an alcohol-based disinfectant. Most people (about 80%) recover from the disease without the need for any special treatment.

If the symptoms are severe, they will recommend hospitalization. There is no specific antiviral medication to treat Covid-19. Most patients recover with the help of support measures to relieve symptoms.

8. How do I know that I have healed?


To give the high confirmed cases will require:

Two shots of respiratory samples separated by at least

Both must be negative

To give the high confirmed cases will require:

Two shots of respiratory samples separated by at least

Both must be negative

To give the high confirmed cases will require:

Two shots of respiratory samples separated by at least

Both must be negative

9. Can I get it again?

There is no scientific evidence to show that a person who has been infected with SARS-CoV-2 can become infected once the disease is over.

10. What phone number should I call?

Check in this list the phone numbers that the autonomous communities have enabled to report the coronavirus:

Andalusia 955545060
Aragon 061
Asturias 112
Balearics 061
Canary Islands 900112061
Cantabria 112 and 061
Castile and Leon 900222000
Castilla la Mancha 900122112
Catalonia 061
Valencian Community 900 300 555
Estremadura 112
Galicia 900400116
Madrid 900102112
Murcia 900121212
Navarre 948 290 290
Basque Country 900203050
The Rioja 941298333
Melilla 112
Ceuta 900720692

.



Source link