The hardships, the calvary, hatred, contempt, abandonment, rejection and political disinterest suffered by migrants and refugees in their ordeal towards the United States were remembered this Friday in Guatemala with the representation of a Viacrucis.
"The global nature of migrations concerns all the nations of the world, to migrate today is a true Viacrucis," said Mauro Verzeletti, director of the Casa del Migrante de Guatemala, who asked to join the clamor for justice on the Mexican border. and the United States, where migrants and refugees "are despised, humiliated, mistreated and prevented from accessing international protection and family reunification."
"Governments of nations, do not continue to condemn human rights to death Migration is a human right," he proclaimed, and demanded that states and public authorities respect the international conventions and treaties of these people, who can not be forced to return to their countries due to lack of opportunities, poverty or structural violence.
Before praying each of the 14 stations of this migratory viacrucis, Verzeletti explained to the media that the objective is to denounce "the injustices" that migrants are suffering on the migratory route and recalled that many of them are "crowded into the border "because the United States Government prefers" to build the wall and not build the dignity and human rights "of the people.
Before the possible departure of Central America, especially from Honduras and El Salvador, from the "mother caravan", where some 20,000 people are expected to go, the director of the Casa del Migrante recalled that the United States has promised to close the border and is pressing to Mexico to do the same.
"All the measures that are being promoted today by the United States are practically the words of a person who does not really know the migratory issue, encourages xenophobia, racism and discrimination against the migrant population," he proclaimed, and recalled that as long as there are no policies public and social justice these caravans are not going to stop.
"We urge the governments of the region and the international community not to forget, first of all, that they are people, our brothers and sisters who have to leave their country, their family and undertake a terrible journey with the sole objective of accessing a life The migrants do not take away work, neither do nations collapse nor are they criminals or terrorists, "he proclaimed.
And in this same sense, he asked that the right to migrate be guaranteed and that, as Pope Francis demands, the process of reception, protection, promotion and integration be favored, some steps that have been staged in this way in which they ask for actions of " integration, defense, dignity and promotion "of the rights of migrants and refugees.
Only during the past year, the Casa del Migrante de Guatemala attended to 16,791 migrants and so far in 2019 this figure amounts to 5,594.
For his part, the apostolic administrator of the Archdiocese of Santiago de Guatemala, Bishop Raúl Martínez, recalled that migration is the "need to eat and live" and assured that the governments of the region "do not have the capacity" to face to this great problem, which leaves "broken families" that have lost "quality of life".
Martinez, who criticized the lack of programs and political capacity to manage the needs of countries, said that countries "wash their hands" and censured corruption and lack of honesty of officials, so he asked the Guatemalans analyze their vote well in the face of the general elections on June 16.
A total of 196,061 migrants from the Northern Triangle of Central America - one of the most violent and poorest areas in the world formed by Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras - were deported from the United States and Mexico during 2018, representing an increase of 37.9 percent. more than the previous year.
This is the result of the statistics published by the headquarters of the International Organization for Migration in Guatemala, which recall that in 2017, 142,176 irregular migrants had been deported.
The migrants, including 15,805 children and 8,843 girls, are mostly Hondurans, 56.8 percent; while 40 percent corresponds to Guatemalans (94,306); and the rest, 1.2 percent, of El Salvador, the only country of the three that experienced a reduction going from 26,811 in 2017 to 26,479 in 2018.
To address the irregular migration, which has been booming in recent months with caravans of people who cross the region fleeing violence and poverty to seek a better life in the United States or Mexico, the governments of the region A program.
This is the Comprehensive Development Plan for Central America, which was signed on December 1, 2018 - the day on which Andrés Manuel López Obrador assumed the Mexican Presidency - by the presidents of Mexico, of Guatemala, Jimmy Morales; from Honduras, Juan Orlando; and the vice president of El Salvador, Óscar Ortiz.