TheMinister councilhas approved thedraft bill on Climate Change and Energy Transitionthat contemplates the decarbonisation to 100% of the Spanish economy in 2050. The normative project is one of the three pillars of the Strategic Framework of Energy and Climate, which will also form part of the Integrated National Energy and Climate Plan and the Transition Strategy Fair
During the press conference after the Council of Ministers, the minister spokesperson,Isabel Celaá, has said that the normative package isthe "combination of longing and realitythat the Government wants to launch with this project that is in line with the objectives of the European Union. "
The Minister for the Ecological Transition,Teresa Ribera, has presented the normative set to "facilitate and guide" the decarbonization of the economy in 2050, in accordance with the 2030 Agenda and the Paris Agreement against Climate Change.
"We have seen the strategic framework of energy and climate that improves the quality of life of citizens and is a commitment to facilitate the modernization of the economy, employment in sectors and fields in which we have great potential and that will place us in the future guaranteeing equity, "Ribera underlined.
Thus, he defends that this is a framework "ambitious, balanced, modernizing and fully feasible"that will allow the creation and" repositioning "of the industry, clean energies and will generate positive effects for the development of the rural environment, the environment, health and social justice.
It is, he said, a "solid, transversal" proposal that maximizes synergies "convincingly" in which all Ministries have participated, scientific knowledge and more than "a thousand" variables have been analyzed.
The preliminary bill proposes two phases, at 2030 and 2050. The first one,2030, marks the goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by at least 20 percent (%)(GEI) with respect to 1990 levels; generate at least 70% of electricity with renewable energy; ensure at least 35% of final energy consumption from renewable sources and improve energy efficiency by at least 35%.
Therefore, Ribera has said that reducing emissions by 20% compared to 1990 in 2030 will eliminate "one in three tons of carbon dioxide" and to reach a carbon neutrality by 2050, CO2 emissions must be reduced in less 90% compared to 1990.
To achieve these goals, the Government foreseesapprove auctions of at least 3,0000 megawatts renewable each yearand develop a new remuneration framework for renewable generation that is based on the long-term recognition of a fixed price for the energy generated and that will be granted through a competitive concurrency procedure and different generation technologies can be distinguished.
Other measures contemplated in the draft bill is that only new tax benefits can be given to fossil energy products if they are "duly" justified for reasons of "social or economic interest" or because of the "lack of technological alternatives".
In addition, a report should be prepared on the tax regime applied to energy products of fossil origin that will include a calendar to review these aids.
The General State Administration and the entities that make up the state public sector must divest themselves in two years of all the shares or financial instruments of companies or entities whose commercial activity is linked to the extraction, refining or processing of energy products.
Alternative fuels such as renewable gas, biomethane and hydrogen will also be encouraged.and in aviation, the use of advanced biofuels and other renewables of non-biological origin will be promoted.
Once the law comes into force, new authorizations will not be issued to explore, investigate hydrocarbons or new concessions either on land or in territorial waters,nor will it be possible to develop projects of hydraulic fracturing ('fracking'). Existing extensions may not be extended beyond December 31, 2042.
Cars 0 CO2 emissions in 2050
Currently, given thattransport is responsible for more than 26% of polluting emissionsand of 42.1% of nitrogen oxides, the preliminary draft establishes in 2050 the date on which the fleet of cars and light commercial vehicles must be free of direct CO2 emissions. As an intermediate step,the new cars and vans will be zero grams of CO2 emission per kilometer "no later in the year 2040".
In this process the Government will work to accompany the automotive sector and will put in place measures to facilitate the penetration of these vehicles. A Mobility Table will also be created in which all the agents involved will participate.
The law will contemplate that the Executive must prepare a 'Sustainable, Intermodal and Connected Mobility Strategy' that will analyze inequalities in access to cleaner modes of transport, digital transformation in transportation and the need for better planning and efficiency of transport. investments for transportation.
Cities without cars
Likewise,municipalities with more than 50,000 inhabitants must have, before 2023, low emission areasand put in place measures to facilitate the use of bicycles, walking and other means of active transport, as well as improving public transport, which must be electrified progressively.
The gas stations and service stations that in 2018 sell more than 5 million liters of gasoline per year will have to have, at least,an electric recharge infrastructurewith a power equal to or greater than 22 kw. In maritime transport, ports must also be zero CO2 emitters in 2050.
On the other hand, the preliminary draft contemplates that to encourage the low carbon economy, at least 20% of the General State Budgets (PGE) should have a positive impact on climate change and this objective will be revised upwards before 2025. Starting in 2020, revenues from the auctions of GHG emission rights will be allocated to the climate change objectives and the PGE laws will be able to allocate up to 30% of these to just transition measures.
In general, the General State Administration will not be able to build or tender works that are not of almost zero energy consumption or of unsustainable materials and beyond 2030can not have rented real estate that does not have the consideration of "almost null"that establishes the Technical Building Code.
Banks, listed companies, insurers and large companies must prepare a report each year that assesses the financial impact of the risks associated with climate change, while the Bank of Spain, the CNMV and the Directorate General of Insurance and Funds Pensions every two years will evaluate the risks for the financial sector of climate change, for submission to the Congress of Deputies.
In terms of adaptation, indicators will be defined that will measure the impact of climate change and that will be integrated into decisions for associated risks in hydrological planning, management, transportation, coast, soil and biodiversity.
Other measures will be developed by the Ministry of Education, which should review the training and professional qualification itineraries and prepare a plan to boost employment in the sectors "engine" of growth in the transition to low carbon development.
The preliminary draft will now be submitted to public information until March 22and will obtain a report from the Ministries and from the Council of State before its approval as a bill by the Executive.