Germany has proposed to date the elimination of coal. At the most, in 2038 Berlin must have finished with its most polluting energy source and now supplies almost 40% of its electricity. Early on Saturday morning, a commission appointed by the German government has reached an agreement, after months of deliberations and a final marathon session of almost 24 hours. Regional governments, industry, trade unions and environmental organizations are part of the commission, whose conclusions are expected to assume the Executive of Berlin.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel has played a leading role in international diplomacy in the fight against climate change. The German addiction to a polluting and cheap coal However, the image of Berlin as an environmental power has been irremediably fouled up to now. And above all, it has prevented Germany from fulfilling its commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
The agreement for the closure of coal has been possible in part thanks to the commitment of multi-million dollar financing. 40,000 million euros in transfers to the regions and 20 years will cost Germany to end the coal, according to the road map agreed this morning. The commission foresees a gradual closing of the plants, which could end in 2035 and by 2038 at the latest. Within three years, however, a series of plants, the oldest ones, must have already closed.
The regions will receive structural aid of up to 40,000 million euros to alleviate the social consequences of an energy transition that is seen as particularly problematic in the east of the country. It is precisely in that region where the extreme right, Alternative for Germany (AfD) it is stronger, and where it does not hesitate to squeeze politically the socio-economic tensions of the energy transformation. In total, some 20,000 jobs depend on coal in the country, that it had been difficult until now to reach an agreement for the progressive elimination of coal.
The German energy cocktail is especially complex, as the German government committed itself after the Fukushima disaster to close the last nuclear power plant in 2022. The idea now is that until the agreed maximum date, renewable energies, which already represent in Germany about 36% of the electricity generated has reached the estimated figure of 65%.