The anti-Semitic attack of Halle (east of Germany) brought up again the existence of a German right-wing terror that never ceased to exist, but which became a replica of internationalized supremacism.
Only the empire of Stephan Balliet, the 27-year-old far-right author of the attack, avoided a massacre in a Jewish temple in Germany, a country committed to the duty of not forgetting the horror of the Holocaust.
He failed to clear the door of the synagogue, his weapons failed him, nor did a home-made device explode and, in addition, his two fatalities were neither Jews nor immigrants, as he intended.
"I am a complete loser," acknowledges Balliet, at the end of the 35-minute video he was transmitting with a video camera in his helmet. With it he captured the moment in which he killed a woman who questioned him before the temple and also when he shot again and again against the client of a Turkish food store.
The phrase is in a somewhat precarious English; His intention is clear: to create imitators, as he himself claimed to be from the Australian supremacist who killed 50 people in his attack on two mosques in Christchurch.
"This new dimension of ultra-right terror in Germany is no surprise," says Jan Rathje, a political scientist at the Amadeu Antonio Foundation, created in memory of a young Angolan killed by the neo-Nazis in 1990.
German neo-Nazism has its networks, platforms to communicate, announce its next action or broadcast it live, says Rathle. It is no longer governed by strict "classic" schemes of German right-wingism, but tries to globalize its acts.
The Amadeu Antonio Foundation has documented 169 deaths at the hands of the extreme right since the German reunification in 1990. The Government estimates that the number of fatalities is "at least 84".
The main level of German politics, from Chancellor Angela Merkel to President Frank-Walter Steinmeier, expressed these days their horror at what "could" have happened in Halle. Interior Minister Horst Seehofer said the fight against ultra terror is the great challenge facing the country.
The number of ultra-rightists identified by Interior espionage has increased steadily in the last five years. In 2018 there were 24,100, of which half are signed as "willing to violence."
Foundations such as the one dedicated to Amadeu Antonio, dedicated to supporting the victims of ultra violence, remember that, in the face of the convictions of these days, there is the reality of the cuts inflicted in public aid to their projects.
It is not the first or the deadliest shake that neo-Nazism is in the political class. In 2011, Merkel first associated the term terrorism to the extreme right. The trio "National Socialist Clandestinity" (NSU) had come to light, which between 2000 and 2007 killed nine immigrants with impunity, always with the same gun, without investigating a possible racist motive or link between these crimes.
"A shame for Germany," the chancellor then admitted, amid the accumulation of police negligence. The existence of the NSU came to light following the suicide of two of its members. The suspicion of how many other ultras murders was bumped without due investigation plans since then.
Two years after the murder of the Angolan Amadeu António, beaten to death by a neo-Nazi group, and coinciding with the arrival of hundreds of thousands of refugees from the Balkans, Germany was shaken by a wave of xenophobic attacks.
In August 1992, youth groups and other neighbors harassed a Rostock Vietnamese shelter (east), which ended up grazing llamas, for almost a week. A few months later, three Turks died in a incendiary attack by neo-Nazis at their house in Mölln (north); In 1993, five other Turks died in the flames while they slept, in Sölingen (west).
In 1994, a synagogue burning, in Lübeck (north), in another fire caused by the ultras, returned to Germany images that seemed eradicated since the capitulation of the Third Reich.
At the latest in 2011, with the dismantling of the NSU, the existence of an ultra, murderous, racist and organized network became clear.
The penultimate alarm signal was the cold-blooded murder last July of local politician Walter Lübcke, refugee shelter advocate. His killer was Stephan Ernst, a 45-year-old neo-Nazi.
To consider them lonely wolves is a dangerous simplicity, says Elmar Thevessen, an expert on terrorism for public television ZFD. They are all part of an "international supremacist movement," he warns.
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