Sat. Apr 20th, 2019

General Elections: The feminist movement sends its electoral demands to the parties | Society

General Elections: The feminist movement sends its electoral demands to the parties | Society



They were in the streets with their demands and want to be fulfilled after opening the ballot boxes. Feminist groups have launched their manifesto before of April 28 after the multitudinous demonstrations of March 8. Most parties then claimed that they had taken note. Now women's associations raise your electoral program that counts, to date, with the support of 40 collectives. It includes 83 measures in which they are positioned against prostitution or renting wombs, in addition to asking for improvements in employment, care, pensions, health, education, sexuality, consumption, borders or secularism.

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The next April 11 will be presented to the four major -PP, PSOE, Cs and Unidas Podemos- The document was agreed upon after discussing seven drafts, as Begoña San José explains, member of the platform that has written the manifesto: "We have done a great effort to integrate all the voices ".

The signatory feminist collectives - which include, among others, the 7N platform, the Feminist Policy Forum or the CC OO and UGT Equality sections in Madrid - recognize "timid institutional advances" in relation to equality, such as the State Pact against Gender Violence - which they consider to be "minimum" - or the recovery of Equality competencies in City Councils. But they see with "extreme concern" the political tension, "the advance of fundamentalisms" or the "risk of regression in the rights achieved." These are some of his 83 proposals:

Sexual aggressions are gender violence. They demand a "greater diligence in the fulfillment of the State pact, which is treated as sexual violence both in the courts and in society, sexual assaults, and that the aids to these victims are equated to aid to victims of terrorism.

Prostitution is an "extreme form of sexual violence." Faced with parties that consider that prostitution can be exercised freely, they demand that it be treated as "extreme forms of sexual violence" against women. They call for a comprehensive law against sexual exploitation and women and trafficking that penalizes procurers, dissuasive measures of the lawsuit, as "administrative and punitive" sanctions and the creation of a state fund for the development of work alternatives for prostituted women. The government commissioned drafts for this law in which the client of prostitution was penalized among other punitive measures, but no law was ever processed.

Abortion in public hospitals. They ask that voluntary interruptions of pregnancy be practiced in public centers. Now they are mostly derived to private clinics although they are paid with public money. They also demand the replacement of medical objectors and the repeal of the law that deprives girls of 16 and 17 years of autonomy for abortion.

No to the bellies of rent. They request the sanction to the intermediary agencies in this practice, which is not legal in Spain but which hundreds of Spanish families attend every year in countries where it is allowed.

Specialized police stations. For the protection of women and children victims of violence, they propose to spread an initiative that has started in the Valencian Community: a police office only for these cases that in Valencia you will have a psychologist and social worker. They also demand gender equality and violence training for legal operators, security forces, social workers, psychologists and, in general, the staff that has to deal with this type of case.

Outside labor reforms. Against discrimination in employment - women occupy most of the most precarious jobs, have the lowest salaries and are more on the lists of unemployed - the manifesto demands the repeal of the last two labor reforms, which is computed part time at a rate differentiated to full time "and related to poverty and violence against women". They ask to close the gaps in salaries, pensions and unemployment coverage.

Domestic employees with rights. Ratification of Convention 189 of the International Labor Organization to improve the situation of domestic workers and their right to unemployment benefit to prevent them from working as interns without a contract, as denounced this report.

Mandatory subject on Gender Equality. They request that the subject Education for Citizenship as compulsory be recovered, a compulsory subject on Gender Equality in the universities and that the education system include affective-sexual education, the prevention of child sexual abuse and sexist violence "in all educational levels, cycles and areas ".

3% of GDP for research and development. The Spanish item for research represents barely 1.2% of gross domestic product and is below the European average (2.07%). Feminists demand that it rise to 3%, which would mean surpassing the EU average and also that of some of the countries that invest the most, such as Germany or Austria. They demand that "the gender balance in the CSIC and the universities be encouraged".

Children's schools. Coverage "universal, free and public" for the schooling of children up to three years of age. They also ask that "not be postponed" in 2021 equal and non-transferable paternity leave to which the Congress has given its approval this Wednesday after the Government approved a decree for its progressive application.

Coverage for dependents. They demand adequate financing and remind that the general budgets of the State for 2019, which did not go ahead, foreseen an increase of 59% in the items up to 2,232 million.

Ministry of Equality. This ministry was created in 2008 by the PSOE and the government itself extinguished it. With the PP, he shared a portfolio with Health and Social Services. Its owner was Dolors Montserrat, who considered that feminism was only "a label". In this last socialist government, the Minister of Equality has also been the vice president of the Government, Carmen Calvo. Feminist groups demand that this ministry be maintained and that both the Women's Institute and the Government Delegation for Gender Violence be strengthened.

Sanctions to judges

Ángela González succeeded, after pleading for 15 years, for Spain to admit, after an opinion of the United Nations Committee for the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), He did not act with due diligence to prevent his ex-husband and abuser from killing their daughter. It happened in 2003, in a visit allowed by a judge and after she had put up to 48 complaints trying to warn of the risk that ran the minor. According to González, the judge continues to exercise. Itziar Prats He requested protection from a judge for his two daughters and he was denied. His ex-husband killed them later. He has not yet taken the case to court. Like them, feminist collectives demand that malpractice responsibilities be demanded of legal operators who do not act with that diligence and who are penalized with "sanctions, penalties and disqualifications."

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