July 9, 2020

Gay weddings up 61% in Brazil and accelerate after the election of Bolsonaro

Homosexual marriages in Brazil grew 61.7% in 2018, a trend that was accentuated from October after the election of Jair Bolsonaro as president of the country, according to data released Wednesday by the state-run Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE).

Despite the 1.6% reduction in the total number of civil marriage unions (which includes homosexuals and heterosexuals) between 2017 and 2018, the registration of marriages specifically of same-sex persons multiplied during the same period and increased from 5,887 to 9,520, most of them among women (58.4%).

The IBGE adds that the increase in marriage between homosexuals was recorded in all regions of the country, although the study highlights that the lowest growth occurred in the center-west (42.5%), while the highest was in the northeast (85 ,two %).

Specifically, statistics indicate that the number of homosexual marriages increased exponentially from October last year, when the ultra-rightist Bolsonaro was elected president of Brazil.

If between January and October 2018 the monthly average of homosexual marriages was 546, the figure rose to 957 in November and jumped to 3,098 in December, that is, five times more than the average.

According to some specialists, the increase in the number of marriages from October coincides with the election of Bolsonaro, who has a history of homophobic statements and argues that the "family is a man and a woman."

At the time of the election, many homosexual couples decided to marry for fear of the approval of some type of law by the new Executive that hindered the marriage union.

Same-sex marriage, however, is guaranteed by the Brazilian Justice.

In 2013, a resolution of the National Council of Justice (CNJ) legalized homosexual marriage by judicial means and for this it was based on a ruling of the Supreme Court of May 2011, which equalized in equal terms the stable union to a marriage.

In addition, the data published by Ibge reveal a rise in divorces in 2018, when a total of 385,246 were recorded, which means a separation for every three marriages and an increase of 3.2% in relation to 2017 (373,216).

Research also shows that the average time between marriage registration and divorce formalization decreased last year, since the average duration of marriages went from 17 years in 2008 to 14 in 2018.

Of the total number of separations, 27% were from couples without children, while 54.4% were from marriage unions with minor children.

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