More abysmal than the gender wage gap is that between the different branches of activity. Compared to the 3,350 euros of gross salary paid by the workers in financial and insurance activities (3,350 euros), the household employees received 750.2 euros last year. This was revealed yesterday INE in the «Decil of salaries of the main job» made from the data extracted by this same body from the data of the Survey of Active Population (EPA).
The financial and insurance sector is not, however, the one that pays the best. Employees in the supply of electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning received an average pay 3,633 euros gross per month. Information and communications (2,741 euros) and public administration (2,536 euros) also exceeded 2,500 euros on average. Below, the hotel industry is the second worst paid occupation, although with salaries of 1,235 euros, which almost double that of domestic employees. Very close (1,249 euros) were employees in the agriculture, livestock and fishing sector.
The majority of Spaniards, 6.48 million, 40% of those who work, earn between 1,260.9 and 2,187.2 euros gross per month, according to the same study. Another 30% of employees, 4,865 million, received a gross monthly salary of more than 2,187.2 euros in 2018. The remaining 30% is in the low salary zone, with a salary below 1,260.9 euros per month.
During the past year, The average salary was 1,944.4 euros gross per month, with an increase of 55.4 euros compared to 2017, the largest increase in the last decade. For its part, the median salary stood at 1,642.3 euros, which meant 52.0 euros more than the previous year.
INE's work shows that the wage gap between men and women it is still very wide. Men had a higher relative concentration in high wages than women last year. So, 35.1% of men admitted more than 2,187.2 euros in 2018, compared to 24.5% of women who received a similar remuneration. The average salary of women in 2018 was 1,708.4 euros per month, while that of men reached 2,161.3 euros. One of the main reasons for these inequalities in average wages and salary distribution between both sexes is, according to the INE, that women "work part-time, with temporary contracts and in less paid branches of activity in greater proportion than men."
The difference between the average monthly gross salary paid by the public sector (2,654 euros) and the private one (1,772 euros) reached 882 euros. The highest percentage of salaried employees with higher education, the type of occupation performed, the lower weight of part-time work and the greatest seniority determine this difference, according to the statistical institute.
. (tagsToTranslate) roberto l. vargas