May 11, 2021

Fernando Pérez analyzes Spanish diplomacy in Africa in the 19th century


On May 5, at 6:00 p.m., the graduate in International Law Fernando Pérez González offers the conference Spanish diplomacy in Africa during the 19th century at the León y Castillo House-Museum in Telde.

In this talk, framed in the Leonine Dialogues cycle, he will analyze how the internal Spanish reality influenced its relative power in the world, which, in turn, was in permanent transformation. That world, moreover, responded to an international order in which Spain had little room for action “in that devilish game that existed between the different colonial powers,” he explains.

This conference is based on a reflection made by Fernando León y Castillo in his book My Times. This is a speech he made, addressing the Prime Minister, in 1891, a few years before the so-called Disaster of 98 that caused the loss of the American colonies. In that intervention, the Teldense bitterly complained that Spain had adopted an isolationist position, which separated him from the currents of the world and that somehow there was no interest in international politics and its consequences, Pérez details.

Thus, Pérez wants to make an approximation to the turbulent 19th century, with important institutional changes in the interior of the country, with successive economic crises and demographic difficulties. In the talk, he will talk about how international politics must play an important role in order to insert a country into the world and have a certain relevance, but at the same time, that foreign policy is nothing but a reflection of what the country’s conditions are in its interior, what are its resources, the state of its population, what is the power it has, and that all this influences when it comes to being able to play one role or another on the international scene, he details.

“Because politics has to do with a country’s internal resources, with their relative strength, but also with prestige and the way other countries see us,” he says.

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