The FAES foundation, led by former President of the Government José María Aznar, defended this Thursday that "contrary to what many affirm, the Constitution is not part of the problem (of Spain), but the essence of the solution" and that where The criticisms of the political culture surveys are directed towards "the actors that manage the political process day by day".
Moreover, it ensures that citizens are not in favor of modifying the Constitution and that there is no empirical evidence that there are "broad percentages of the population" with these theses.
On the occasion of the 40th anniversary of the Magna Carta, the foundation has published an analysis, signed by Eduardo Fernández Luiña, in which he emphasizes that the Constitution has been "the legal and institutional pillar for one of the political systems in transition to democracy most successful on the planet "and the cornerstone of an institutional quality without which the quality of life can hardly be explained.
In fact, he stresses that there have not been many nations that have achieved a peaceful society (Spain is one of the safest countries in the world), healthy and with good prospects for the future in case of making the appropriate political decisions.
In addition, it defends the quality of the Spanish democratic system and, for this, uses the Democracy Index index of the British weekly 'The Economist'. In the report of the year 2017, Spain obtained an overall score of 8.08 out of 10, which places Spain as a "full" democracy.
"The data is not trivial, especially in these moments in which our liberal democratic system is threatened by a secessionist tension that constantly tries to discredit (inwards and outwards) the level and quality of our democracy," he argues.
Within that index, Spain obtains the best result in the first of its sections, 'Pluralism and electoral processes', with 9,17 points (out of 10) and in 'Civil Liberties', 8,82. The worst note is the section on 'Operation of the Government', with 7.14 points compared to 10 countries such as Denmark or New Zealand.
GOOD OPERATION OF JUSTICE
And also, stresses that Spain gets very good results in areas "where many citizens assume the existence of serious problems", as is the operation of Justice.
On this point, he affirms that since the "Catalan pro-independence threat" began, criticisms of the functioning and composition of the judiciary have been innumerable and that, although no one denies that justice needs improvement (and budget), the quality of justice is out of doubt when comparative optics is applied. Another index, called the Rule of Law Index, places Spain among the twenty-five best countries in the world (in 23).
Of course, he admits that Spain is not exempt from problems and challenges, and affirms that the political system "must be aware of the threats" that exist both to the "way of life" and to the prosperity and well-being of Spaniards.
Among the pending subjects, he speaks of "a better protection of economic freedoms and the promotion of decisive actions in the fight against corruption".
However, he concludes that "Spain has everything to be a great nation, today" and a potential "recognized by many inside and outside" the borders, so he calls to take advantage of the coming years to "clean up the system and maintain the quality "has defined the constitutional political system since 1978.