The Bolivian president, Evo Morales, today asked Ibero-American nations for fidelity to the Paris Agreement "because the planet and life are exhausted" and urged this community to address the problem of migration from a rights perspective, since "No person is illegal."
"This deep migration crisis is only a reflection of the failure of the system," deplored Morales in his speech at the 26th Ibero-American Summit of Heads of State and Government held in the Guatemalan city of Antigua.
According to the indigenous leader, "interventionism, genocidal wars and the effects of climate change" are some of the reasons why millions of people have been displaced "by force" from their countries of origin.
He recalled that thousands of people from Central America are approaching the borders of the United States "seeking better living conditions" and urged countries, in this scenario, to "address migration with a focus on the rights of migrants", "They can not be considered illegal, because there are no illegal human beings."
Morales called on the nations of the region to ratify the Convention on the Protection of the Rights of Migrant Workers as "a concrete signal that the Ibero-American community defends their rights".
With the ravages of climate change as one of the factors that cause migration to affect "irreversibly millions of people," the president of Bolivia also urged the region to position itself guaranteed "the full implementation of the Paris Agreement" on the climate change.
He lamented the withdrawal of this pact from the United States, "the country that has most polluted the world" and attributed climate change to "consumerism and capitalism."
He also defended multilateralism, unity and cooperation as the "only option" in the face of global challenges that no country can solve separately, since "these are times to build bridges and not walls," he said.
In the face of protectionism, "indiscriminate" trade liberalization and trade wars, Bolivia proposes "a model of prosperity and complementarity" that allows diluting inequalities, as well as "defending and strengthening multilateralism, spaces for dialogue and integration".
The Bolivian leader recalled that Latin America was proclaimed a zone of peace and rejected "any form of foreign intervention" that threatens the sovereignty of countries and seeks to "destabilize legitimate governments."
Also, as usual in his speeches, he referred to the high levels of poverty and inequality that persist in Latin America, "the most unequal region of the planet", where 10% of the population concentrates 71% of the wealth and taxes only 5.4% "of their income.
Some fortunes, he added, that between 2002 and 2015 grew an annual average of 31%, six times more than the Gross Domestic Product of the region, what Morales called an "outrageous reality" that illustrates how capitalism "privileges the concentration of wealth in a few hands condemning millions to poverty and social exclusion. "