April 17, 2021

Escrache, meme, viagra, viralizar, selfi, femicide or 'feedback' enter the dictionary | Culture

Escrache, meme, viagra, viralizar, selfi, femicide or 'feedback' enter the dictionary | Culture



As every year, the flow of words in the Dictionary of the real academy. Since in 2014 it became a digital plant, the heads of the institution make their annual count. In 2018, in edition 23.2, 748 new terms have been included, 780 amendments have been incorporated and there have been 23 deletions. Escrache, meme, viagra, viral, overwhelming, cyber-bullying, femicide, subplot, selfi or -with great care and in italics- feedback, are some of the examples outlined this Friday by Darío Villanueva, director of the institution until January 10th takes over the newly elected Santiago Muñoz Machado and the academic Paz Battaner

The new inclusions and modifications obey to several sections, according to Battaner, coordinator of the Dictionary: "The use in mass media, the change of values, the theoretical conceptualization, the technicalities, the acronyms, the Americanisms, anglicisms and adaptations of other languages ​​… " All, source of enrichment and qualification.

Among the terms that have been added by a change of values, Battaner highlights sorority -amistad or affection between women-, femicide and a new definition of feminicide: murder of a woman at the hands of a man by machismo or misogyny, as well as a meaning more about abuse that includes animals. Of the Americanisms, they have included, among others: management, guardiacárcel, efectivar, plotter, quechuista. "Many do not come to the peninsula but they are admitted clearly indicating in what Spanish-speaking country they are used and with what sense".

"The sources are the use in mass media, the change of values, the theoretical conceptualization, the technicalities, the acronyms, the Americanisms, anglicisms and adaptations of other languages ​​…", affirms Paz Battaner

There was no lack by the two responsible for presenting the news alerts in terms of anglicisms. But there was room for an exception of difficult translation into Spanish: feedback. It is admitted without Spanishizing and whenever it is used in italics: "The meaning is very broad and refers to return, feedback, even echo", assured Battaner.

But not only from English come all the influences with polluting power. We must celebrate other latitudes with specific concepts, in this case, very welcome, from Portuguese and Italian: "Candonblé, in allusion to the religion from Brazil or cruceiro. Laburar, a case especially of Argentina, is a term that adapts the equivalent of employment from Italian.

About the technicalities or adaptation of new conceptualizations, highlighted multitasking, mathematization, monitoring, multifunction, numerology, seismicity, outsourcing, self-financing, electro … Also have been added meanings and new meanings to words like smoke -thing done without entity or relevance- ; spin, in the sense of proceeding with extreme care. Or the referents in the case of football to local, visitor …

The Dictionary grows and receives inquiries everywhere. In 2016, the 600 million visits were surpassed and this year, according to Villanueva, they expect to approach one billion in 224 different countries. A set that demonstrates the predominance of Spanish as a global language. Spain is the territory where more consultations are carried out. But the second is not a Spanish-speaking country: the United States. They are followed by Mexico, Colombia and Argentina.

Among the most consulted words include the verbs have, go, do, be, give, see and be. The first adjective in the list is easy. But – there comes the rarity – among the nouns the boss is resilience, followed by feminism and culture. And an allusion to the hoaxes. The RAE is not exempt from false news, such as the one that was made regarding cocrete "It is due to a rather malicious invention that came to say that we had included it in the Dictionary. Neither has it been, nor will it be. " Anyway, among those who make the consultations are also looking for non-existent terms: cocreta is the most wanted false word among those who enter to look.

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