The data known today from the Active Population Survey (EPA), corresponding to the fourth quarter of this year, has generated a Relative satisfaction among social agents who have agreed to dismiss with nostalgia the 2018 and warn against a 2019 less flattering in employment. For example, the president of the CEOE, Antonio Garamendi, has responded on the Survey of Active Population (EPA) corresponding to the fourth quarter published today, that 90% of the jobs in Spain are created by private companies and that economic growth is already going to be lower than in previous years.
In this sense, the CEOE has proposed "an economic growth this year of 2.2%", as recalled Garamendi, and highlighted that means that «We will continue to create jobs, companies are much more prepared»That in the crisis but« it will not be the same amount of employment that we had ». Garamendi regretted that "the party must pay for the companies", in clear reference to the increase in social contributions or the creation of the tax on financial transactions.
From CEIM, the Business Confederation of Madrid-CEOE, stressed that despite having fallen the unemployment rate, it is necessary to "return to agreed labor policies in the social dialogue table for increase the activity rate, since it is below 60% as a national average »and loses steam compared to 2017.
Others are the criticisms made from the side of the union representation: the union UGT, which has denounced that the labor market and the rights of workers are precarious as a consequence of the crisis and labor reforms, generating inequality, until placing a quarter of the Spanish population at risk of poverty or social exclusion.
In a statement, the union explained that the published data from the Active Population Survey (EPA) show that the Temporality rate rises up to 26.9% and involuntary part-time work is consolidated (52.7%). In addition, they have pointed out that this situation affects women more than men, placing the female temporary rate at 27.6%, higher than the male, and the partiality rate at 24.2% (compared to 6, 9% of men).
In a similar line, Workers' Commissions have been declared by the Secretary of Employment and Professional Qualification of CC.OO., Lola Santillana, who has denounced that, if the data of the Labor Force Survey (APE) is deepened, the «serious problems" that presents the Spanish labor market.
«The data confirm that the most precarious forms of work advance, such as temporary contracts, bias, temporary or false self-employed, "said Santillana, who insisted on the need to modify the" most harmful "aspects of the 2012 labor reform.
For example, Comisiones Obreras, has warned that in the fourth quarter of 2018 there was more population working with temporary contract or part-time than a year before, with 4.4 million people with a temporary contract and 2.9 million part-time workers, most involuntarily.