With an unemployment rate of 13.8%, the Spanish labor market has difficulties to cover profiles of high educational level, such as computer programmers, but also other skilled trades that do not arouse interest in job seekers as coaches, welders or sailors .
A study prepared by the temporary work company Manpower shows how over the last decade the mismatch between supply and demand of talent in the Spanish labor market has been increasing, from 8% in 2009 to 41% in 2019.
The process of digitalization of companies has generated the demand for new profiles with a high level of specialization, among which are three technological profiles difficult to cover.
These are software and software development engineers specialized in very specific types of language (such as the highly demanded Python), Big Data programmers (both Data Science and Data Analytics) and cybersecurity experts, they explain to Efe from the employer’s Employment placement agencies.
Below, cloud specialists, banking analysts, Front-end developers (web language) or production agents for online content platforms are also in demand, although “these are profiles that already have a path and are capable to cover up little by little, “they point out from the employers.
Manpower’s study also shows that among the profiles with the highest demand are qualified manual trades that require professional training, such as electricians, welders or mechanics.
But there are jobs that are not filled in the Spanish labor market, often because the required qualification is not achieved, but in other cases because they are discarded by the national unemployed.
These are the professions included in the catalog of difficult-to-cover occupations of the Public State Employment Service (SEPE), which is mostly led by jobs in the maritime sector, such as passenger ship auxiliaries, ship firefighters , boat waiters and cooks, countermaestres and deck sailors, and refrigerators, machinists and naval mechanics.
However, the jobs demanded in more provinces are those of sports coach and professional athlete, according to the SEPE catalog.
“It is necessary to link what the labor market demands with the different studies,” explains the director of CSR Communication of Manpower Group, Montse Moliner, who considers it necessary to reverse the pyramid of graduates to cover the part that requires less elevated training .
The Manpower study also highlights the uncovered demand for information technology professionals, including cybersecurity experts or network administrators, as well as technical professionals and engineers (chemical, electrical, civil or mechanical).
Also on the list of most sought-after professionals are production and machinery, driving and logistics operators (truck drivers, distribution, construction or public transport) and construction workers, as well as sales and marketing experts; managers and executives; and employees for hotels and restaurants.
The reasons for the gap between supply and demand differ depending on the level of qualification required, but in general they have to do with the slow adaptation to the reality of the labor market by the educational and training world.
“There is a very high mismatch between higher education and universities, with people who access companies with a very basic experience and without specialization,” they admit from Asempleo, who also warns that this situation ends up expelling unemployed people completely from the market long-lasting.
In addition, “the need to train permanently throughout working life will be necessary,” says Moliner (Manpower), who added that “the company itself has to generate these learning environments” and have a broader vision of the objectives Looking for future workers in their companies.