The address of Endesa and the unions yesterday failed to take advantage of the last opportunity to close with agreement the negotiation of the V Collective Agreement after 18 months and 48 meetings. This means that the company will demote the current agreement and will end the period of ultra-activity (extension of the agreement if there is no agreement for its renewal) to apply new labor measures that the unions reject and have announced that they will respond with legal actions, appealing at the same time, the need for political groups to intervene.
The main obstacle that has blocked the negotiation from the beginning lies in the so-called employee rate, an amount of energy that workers and retirees of the company receive as payment in kind and for which they only disburse tolls and taxes, but not free of consumption. In the case of Endesa, the 9,500 employees and almost 27,000 early retirees and liabilities receive amounts ranging from 15,000 kWh to 30,000 kWh per year, depending on their seniority in the group. The proposal of the unions was to put a maximum annual limitation of 30,000 kWh for the habitual residence and second housing.
The company, which accounts for around 40 million euros per year the cost of this "social benefit", offered 2,500 kWh and cover the difference up to 9,000 kWh (average consumption of a house in Spain according to their estimates), with expenses in daycare , pension funds, life and medical insurance, among other options. For retirees, another form of compensation would be sought, which, according to their postulates, could not be raised because of the unions' refusal to negotiate the proposed new employee rate and to revise the early retirement pact.
The sources of the company have also stressed that the trade union representation has not made any final counterproposal to which they had submitted, confirming that once the ultraactivity is over, what the company will do is "contractualize" the terms of agreement individual. That is, they will collect all the rights they enjoy individually. This means that "it is at the expense of the unilateral interpretation of the company the possibility of disapplying any of the concepts," according to the unions, which have recommended, in a letter sent to workers, to sign with a "received, not satisfied" .
For early retirees, the current conditions are contractualized until the date of retirement, after which they will be passive and will no longer have an electricity tariff, while the passive staff will lose the social benefits. However, the company has granted a period of six months so that they can go to the market and contract with the marketer that suits them best. Thereafter, they will stop enjoying the employee rate.
Sources of the union representation, which accuse the company of "showing off in bad faith negotiating" and of "having broken unilateralemnte the negotiation", highlight that they proposed to continue negotiating the agreement leaving the last issue to treat the employee rate. "We have reiterated the obligation to maintain the Commission. However, the management has once again conditioned the Convention to its sole objective, which is none other than the employee rate, "they say. Likewise, they have communicated that they will submit to the General Directorate of Labor a question about the possibility of maintaining the current negotiating commission.
These sources add that the proposal of the company "was completely unjustified and unaffordable, since the only claim of the management was to rescue the provision of 760 million euros that is the rate of employee passive staff with the probable purpose of convert it into profit for the year and transfer it automatically to the main shareholder of Endesa, Enel ". "That is why we are willing to negotiate a reasonable reorganization of the right to the tariff, proposing a framework in which we begin by unifying the same conditions for its enjoyment by all the workers of the framework agreement and the origin agreement, both assets and liabilities, with a maximum annual limitation of the supply of 30,000 kWh for the habitual residence and second dwelling and maintaining this right in case of disability, retirement, widowhood and orphans under 21 years of age ", they complete.
The employees also demanded that the same agreements that were reached at the Almaraz and Trillo plants, invested by Endesa together with Iberdrola and Naturgy, be applied. Among the conditions agreed upon in these plants are an employee rate of 30,000 kWh per year, respect for 80% of salary and an agreement for employment guarantees, a workday of 1,642 hours per year (that of Endesa is 1,650 hours) and maintaining a structure of six professional groups and 19 levels of competence, according to the unions. The company recalled that the management of nuclear power plants corresponds to Iberdrola and that the company is not the same as Endesa.
Attacks on Enel
The disagreement has led to mobilizations of workers, who have made half-hour and one-hour strikes on certain days and demonstrations before the headquarters and some before the Italian embassy. The unions have accompanied these protests with complaints about "the plundering" of Endesa of which they accuse Enel, owner of 70% of the company. According to UGT, since the appointment of Francesco Starace as CEO of Enel, "the management of Endesa is assuming a constant plundering via dividend distribution, as well as constant transfer of assets". "The most worrisome is that all these operations are carried out without any kind of control by official bodies such as CNMV or CNMC, failing to comply with the conditions of Enel's takeover of Endesa, which involved maintaining the level of investments, preserving the geographical perimeter and respect business autonomy, "they add.
This policy has been transferred, in his opinion, to the rights of workers. "When in 2017 he denounced the collective agreement of the group, he did so with the aim of ending part of those rights, such as ending the employee rate that is salary in kind and with its guarantee agreement." Already in the general meeting of shareholders of the power company, the representatives of UGT, CC OO and Independent Trade Union of Energy, attacked Starace for the policy carried out, as well as benefiting from the applied fiscal policy.
Trade unions abound in that the negotiations have been a "continuous blackmail" and, therefore, want to insist on calling political groups to intercede, a question that has not yet received any response. The company has replied that these accusations respond to its intention to put pressure on the negotiations of the agreement.