From January 1, 2019, the route fees ofENAIREThey will be 12% cheaper. The reduction will mean theairlinesasavingof 100 million euros. The measure has been possible thanks to the evolution of air traffic, which continues to grow strongly, as well as to the effort that ENAIRE has made from the point of view of efficiency, which will allow the transfer of benefits, in the form of savings, to airports, airlines and passengers.
Route fees are the main source of income for ENAIRE, which is perceived as an air navigation (en route) facility and service. They are reduced, from 69.67 € to 61.33 € in the case of Spain-Continent, and from 56.74 euros to 49.96 euros in the case of Spain-Canary Islands. Spain has one of the most competitive route rates in Europe Among the four major European air navigation providers, only the United Kingdom will apply a reduction in route rates higher than that of ENAIRE (13%, compared to 12%). %). Very far from the United Kingdom and Spain are: Italy, which has decided to reduce 3%; France, 4%; and Germany, 5%.
With the exception of Italy, the four major European air navigation providers are converging on a route fee of around 60 euros. With the reduction of 2019 rates, the increase in traffic, which is higher than expected, is offset by 2017. The calculation of the unit rate of the route is the result of the application of a formula established for this purpose, where two factors play a determining role : the distance of the route and the weight of the aircraft. For example, an A321 (83 Tm) that made the journey between Madrid and Barcelona (444 km) would pay a route fee below 350.80 euros.
A system regulated at European level
The route charges correspond to a regulated system at the community level, which includes efficiency and risk sharing objectives between the air navigation service providers and the users of the system, that is, the airlines. The sharing of risks means that when a year's traffic is higher than what was initially planned, a balance is returned to the airlines, through the reduction of future years' rates. The higher revenues generated by increased traffic in the past are offset by lower rates and lower revenues in the future.
In particular, the procedure for the establishment of a common tariff policy for the use of the network of aids to air navigation, also known as route charges, is governed by the Multilateral Agreement on tariffs for air navigation aids. , made in Brussels on February 12, 1981, and ratified by Spain through an Instrument of April 14, 1987, and by Implementing Regulation (EU) No. 391/2013, of the Commission, of May 3, 2013 , which establishes a common system for charging air navigation services.
With the reduction of the route fee,ENAIREit contributes decisively to improving the efficiency of the Spanish air navigation system, which, being more competitive, makes our country even more attractive in terms of the capacity to attract new airlines. We are not only talking about national and international flights that take off or land at one of the Spanish airports, but also about the overflights, which in the case of ENAIRE are even more numerous than the national ones.