Unicode Consortium, a non-profit organization that provides the popular emoji (the icons that accompany the texts in the messaging applications) has announced the new images that will be incorporated this year and that will be available from September, although some companies could advance their implementation. Interracial couples of different sex, guide dogs, symbols of disabilities and even signs of menstruation will be incorporated into the galleries.
The list includes 59 new icons and 230 options to select skin color or symbol as well as the gender of the character. The images will include some sign language or wheelchair signs, as well as others with new types of food and clothes. Among this last category are one-piece swimsuits that aim to avoid confusion in the message.
Blood drops will also be added to the gallery to express menstruation and a hand that symbolizes something small and that has already generated jokes in the networks about the size of what the icon refers to.
Unicode has explained that the new categories are intended to be more inclusive, in the case of those referring to disabilities, reflect the diversity of human relationships or help a better conversation.
The organization advanced in the diversity of the symbols when it began to give the option to change the skin color of its characters or hands and added habitual clothes in non-western cultures, like the hijab introduced two years ago.
The symbols help to improve the conversation, avoid misunderstandings or emphasize messages. Sara Peters, Associate Professor of Psychology at Newberry College, wrote an article about how the digital age has developed various ways of mitigating in part the "tortuous ambiguity" of some texts. "One possibility is include an emoji to clarify to the reader that the intention of a phrase was ironic, "he explained.
The British linguist Vyvyan Evans, author of The Emoji code. The linguistics behind happy faces and scary cats, where he reviews the history of these signs and analyzes the way in which they expand the potential of human beings to communicate, considers that the pictograms have many characteristics that make them the essential communication system of the digital era.
The next step is the creation of emoji dynamic, something that for now is being met with gifts, videos of two or three seconds that try to represent the mood of the author of the message or show a small sequence of a feeling. Apple has incorporated its latest generation of mobile Animoji Karaoke Some characters or drawings that imitate the gestures of the face and allow them to incorporate songs.