Year2019will start withrises in the light, fuels, various telephony products, stamps and regional tickets, whilewill lower natural gas, in an average of 1.92% of the IBI and the commuter fares and airport taxes will be maintained.
These variations are accompanied byan increase of the minimum interprofessional salary to 900 euros, 1.6% pensions, and the prices of basic services such as the Cercanías or airport taxes are maintained.
The CPI ended 2018 with an increase of 1.2%, according to the data advanced by the INE, below the rise in the salaries of public employees this year (+ 1.75%) and the increase in pensions, finally set at 1.7%, with the consequent profits of purchasing power in both groups, although it is below the salary increase agreed in the agreement, which reached 1.7% until November.
In 2019, with a forecast of the CPI of 1.2%, the salaries of civil servants will rise by at least 2.25%, to which another 0.25% can be added as a function of GDP and another 0.25% per GDP. additional funds; while pensions will be revalued by 1.6% and minimum pensions by 3%, together with a rise of 22.3% of the SMI, to 900 euros per month in 14 payments.
Energy and gas will start the year with falls
With regard to energy, the prices of the sector will begin with falls, mainly due to the drop in the prices of the raw material, witha barrel of crude installed around the $ 53and in a downward spiral since last October.
Thus, this bearish trend in the price of oil in the last quarter has led fuel to close the year at lows of 2018. The average price of liter of diesel stands at 1,163 euros, according to the latest data from the Oil Bulletin of The EU. For its part, gasoline is at 1,211 euros.
In the case of light, the regulated part of the receipt (representing around 41% of the invoice) will be frozen for 2019 for the fifth consecutive year, so that the evolution of the invoice will depend on the behavior of the wholesale market, known as 'pool', which affects to something more than a third of the receipt.
However, the tension in the pool will remain at the start of 2019, after closing 2018 with an average priceabove 57 euros per megawatt hour (MWh), the highest in the last decade.
Thus, the electricity bill closed 2018 with a year-on-year increase of more than 2%, despite the measures adopted last October by the Government, such as the temporary suspension of two of the taxes suffered by electricity companies, especially the one that taxed with 7% the generation of electricity, to contain the price of electricity.
While,the natural gas rate, which will also see its tolls frozen, will receive domestic consumers in January with a reduction of the Last Resort Rate (TUR) of 4.6% on average compared to the last quarter of the year.
On the other hand,the price of the butane canister is 15.33 euros, after having risen 4.93% in November, so we will have to wait until the middle of the month to see if it becomes more expensive for the fourth consecutive month or not.
Regarding telecommunications, Movistar announced that it will increase the prices of monthly fees for fixed and mobile products, extra consumption -such as text messages or call setup-, other bonuses and additional services, and, after five February, of some of the Fusion packages. Vodafone and Orange have not revealed for now if they will add to the price increase.
New taxes, euribor and IBI
In the tax chapter, if the 2019 Budgets are finally approved,the Government will include an increase in income tax for very high incomeand a minimum tax of 15% in Companies, as well asa 1% rise in Equity for fortunes of more than 10 million.
Likewise,will lower from 10% to 4% VAT on feminine hygiene productsand from 21% to 10% that of veterinary services, while the new taxes on digital services and the creation of the tax on financial transactions are pending approval, as well as the new tax on diesel to match that of gasoline.
In terms of housing, the forecasts of the main real estate portals point to a rise in both the purchase and rental. As for the Euribor, it closed December at -0.13% and the experts believe that the upward trend will continue and the rise will be progressive in the long term, although it is not certain that it will return to the positive terrain.
In addition, the Government has approvedthe update coefficients of the cadastral values for 2019, which will involve 1,179 municipalities, which will have an effect on the Tax on Real Property (IBI). The update results in an aggregate average decrease of 1.92% of the cadastral value.
Highway tolls and train fares
As for the train fares,Renfe will freeze for the fourth consecutive year the prices of the Cercanía ticketss, but 3.5% will increase the average distance trains (regional) and 7% that of the Avant, the regional ones that circulate on the AVE tracks. The AVE and Long Distance trains will not increase with the change of year, although the operator could change it later in the year.
The toll of the motorway network dependent on the General State Administration will rise an average of 1.67% as of January 1. However, in the case of the nine motorways that went bankrupt during the crisis and were rescued by the State, the price of the toll will drop an average of 30% from day 15 and will also be free at dawn, between 0.00 and 6.00 hours.
These nine routes are the four radial ones of Madrid, the AP-41 Madrid-Toledo, the M-12 Axis Airport that connects Madrid with the airfield of Barajas, the AP-36 Ocaña-La Roda, the stretch of the AP-7 between Cartagena and Vera and the Circumvallation of Alicante.
Frozen airport taxes and 12% discount on route
Aena airport charges applicable for 2019 will remain frozen in a global wayl, after the reduction of 2.2% applied in 2018, from March 1 when it enters into force, with the start of the high season of air transport.
However, the parameters to determine the average annual income per passenger have been revised downwards, following the report of the CNMC, which has been set at 10.43 euros in 2019.
The Airport Regulation Document (DORA) for 2017-2021, the regulatory framework that establishes the tariff path, contemplates a reduction of 11% in Aena rates and guarantees that they can not be raised until 2025, opening the door, in any case, to new downloads.
To this is added, the 12% reduction in air navigation rates in 2019, collected in the 'Flight Plan 2020' of ENAIRE, which will mean for the entity to stop paying 100 million euros. This measure after the 3% reduction applied in 2018 will compensate for the higher than expected increase in air traffic.
On the other hand, thesubsidy of the price of the tickets of air and maritime transport of the residents in non-peninsular territories in 75%.
Upload the seal by 9%
The stamp for sending letters and standardized postcardsand up to twenty grams of weight to national destinations will rise 9% on January 1, 2019, so that it will cost 0.60 euros, compared to the current 0.55 euros.
It is an increase lower than the 10% this year, but it is one of the highest that this postal rate, considered public service, registered in recent years, after the 11.1% in 2017 and the 10.5% experienced in 2015.