Elcano's rocket confesses everything. This is recorded in an official document, registered by the Portuguese authorities, in which Martn de Ayamonte – after defecting on the island of Timor and being arrested by Portuguese military – explained that the Basque sailor imposed his criteria to decide the route with which He returned to Castile and went around the world, over the course defended by two of his trusted men.
Juan Sebastián Elcano was right. A document, translated for the first time into Spanish, demonstrates that the Basque sailor imposed his criteria to decide the route with which he went around the world, over the course defended by two of his trusted men, the Greek pilot Francisco de Albo and the master Miguel de Rodas.
One of the translators of the document, Tomás Mazón, author of the web www.rutaelcano.com, explains that Elcano, "without bad vibes" with his officers, made his criteria prevail because he understood the cycle of the monsoon winds, which were not favorable to the route defended by Albo and Rhodes by Malacca, the current Malaysia, and that belonged to Portugal, which in the end was "decisive."
Elcano also ruled out returning to Spain bordering Portuguese territories because he was afraid of being arrested, Mazón adds to Efe, which translated the document with Braulio Vázquez Campos, of the General Archive of the Indies of Seville, and Cristóbal Bernal Chacón, expert in paleography and in the history of the expedition.
"From now on, the history of the expedition cannot be told without keeping in mind this document", which includes the interrogation of the Portuguese to two Spaniards who had hidden in the jungle, recalls Mazón.
The grumble Martin de Ayamonte, one of those arrested by the Portuguese, hid because he wanted to return to Spain with another of the ships of the expedition, the Trinity, who tried to do it without success in the east, and for the fear of shipwreck in the navigation by the west foreseen by the Elcano.
In addition to the route decided by Elcano, the document confirms other details of the expedition: that Fernando Magallanes had an on-board relative named Martín de Magallanes and that the captain general knew about the existence of a Portuguese army that was going to India, which is why the one that "maybe" waited 41 days in Sanlucar de Barrameda.
The breakdown suffered by the Trinity: "the broken keel and a large hole next to the keel"; and the origin of two of the captains of the five ships that sailed since Seville 500 years ago: Juan Serrano, from Fregenal de la Sierra (Badajoz), and Juan de Cartagena, "knight of Burgos".
In addition, it is confirmed that the nao Victory, led by Elcano, when he set off back to Spain from Timor, and with half the world ahead, he needed to hit the pump (de bilge) 12 times a day and 12 times a night.
Discovered in 1933
The document is called Order of the questions that were asked of two Spaniards who arrived at the fortress of Malacca coming from Timor in the company of Álvaro Juzarte, captain of a reed, which Mazón located online at the Torre do Tombo National Archive (Lisbon) when he was looking for information from Magallanes.
The text was discovered and transcribed in 1933 by the Portuguese historian António Baião, and also later by Neves Águas in 1986, although it has gone unnoticed for historiography until now as the "indispensable source that is", what Mazón, an engineer by profession and passionate about history, considered a "mystery."
Until now, it was known by the Death Ratio that on February 5, 1522 they fled the nao Victory "without being felt" the rogue Martín de Ayamonte and the man of arms Bartolomé de Saldaña, on the island of Timor.
However, the translated document says that both, a short time later, were found there by a Portuguese ship and transferred to the fortress of Malacca (now Malaysia), where Martin de Ayamonte was questioned about how he had reached Timor.
His testimony, taken on June 1, 1522, was written in Portuguese by a scribe, and ended up later in Lisbon. "The master and the pilot, who were Greek, wanted to come by Malacca, and the captain, who was Biscayan ( synonymous with Basque), he did not want, and his intention was, according to Martin, to go to the Maldives to correct (fix) his nao, and from there they would go their way to those parts. And he does not say ", The document concludes.
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