The rate of 18-24 year olds without more than secondary education was 18.3% in 2017, the second highest in Europe after Malta, which makes early school leaving one of the greatest weaknesses of the Spanish education system. To try to stop this deficiency, With large percentage differences between communities, the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training announced Friday that it will allocate in 2019 a game of 81 million euros, four times more than budgeted in 2018. It wants young people to take a baccalaureate or FP or those who do not have more studies return to class.
A ministry spokeswoman explains that the new program Guidance and reinforcement for advancement and support in education -Which replaces the PROEDUCAR plan of the PP- "aims to support to educational centers of vulnerable socioeconomic environments, with specific interventions aimed at groups that on many occasions are in a particularly weak situation, such as immigrant pupils, of gypsy ethnicity or with special educational needs. "Education believes that it is" fundamental to involve the educational community and train teachers to give response to needs. "
In the years of bonanza of the beginning of the century the abandonment came to hover around 30%, but during the time of the minister José Ignacio Wert (PP) it fell a lot, because it coincided with the economic crisis. In 2014 it decreased to 23.5%. The crisis kept the teenagers –that were used until then in positions of tourism and construction that did not require training with good salaries- in the classrooms and encouraged them to return to them adults who had gone to unemployment without any specialization.
Only 12% of students are enrolled in FP, less than half of the OECD average (26%) and less than 1% receive the dual model, which combines teaching with work. GThanks to the European Social Fund, which co-finances, 46 million will be invested in dual vocational training, which is taught between training centers and companies in the sector. In 2015 one of every three young Spaniards between 25 and 34 years old had not taken the baccalaureate degree, twice the average of the organization.
In addition, the ministry has tripled the money allocated to train teachers and students of vocational training: from 2.7 million to 8.6 million. Education has also announced, after approval by the Council of Ministers, other items. The allocation to finance books and didactic materials rises slightly with respect to the previous year (from 48 million to 48.5 million) and the aid to the parents associations (from 151,000 to 203,000 euros).
In this territorial cooperation program – which distributes money between the autonomous communities – a package of measures financed with money from the European Social Fund: 19,600,000 euros to train and move teachers from all non-university educational stages and 8.6 million for optional modules and competitions in FP.