June 17, 2021

EBAU 2021: What subjects are optional in Selectividad?

Students are not required to take the elective phase, but it is usually recommended.

Students are not required to take the elective phase, but it is usually recommended.

As every year, thousands of young people in Spain face a momentous test for their academic and professional future. Just before they can enjoy summer vacation, many students face an exam that could open the doors of the college. However, to perform the EBAU, Formerly known as Selectivity, in the best possible way it is essential keep calm and hold your nerves. At the end of the day, it is just one more obstacle to overcome and going to the exam with excessive pressure can weigh down the result.

As it happens every year, the dates on which the EBAU is held vary depending on the autonomous community. What will be the same, regardless of the place where the exam is carried out, will be the existence of two calls, a first that will take place in the month of June and a second, which is called extraordinary, which will take place in June, July or September.

Murcia will be the one that kicks off and will summon the students before the rest, while the students from Andalusia, Ceuta and Melilla will be the ones to do so later. The students from Navarra and La Rioja will also be examined quite soon (June 2, 3 and 4). The rest of the communities will celebrate the ordinary call of the EBAU in the week of June 7 to 13.

Compulsory subjects in Selectivity

Facing this first call, it is essential to know which subjects will be compulsory and which electives. And it is that, students face a test that consists of two phases, a general or compulsory and a specific or optional. In the compulsory phase of the EBAU, the student takes four subjects, although in the communities where there is a co-official language, he will have to add one more subject, such as in Galicia, Valencia, the Basque Country or Catalonia.

Thus, the mandatory phase of the selectivity exam consists of four exercises: Spanish language and literature II, History of Spain, Foreign language (English, French, German, Italian or Portuguese). The last exercise will be related to one of the subjects of the baccalaureate modality that the student has taken. Thus, in the specialty of Social Sciences the examination of Math; in Humanities, that of Latin II; in Sciences, that of Mathematics II and in Arts, that of Foundations of Art II.

In the autonomous communities in which there is a co-official language (Catalan Language, Valencian Language, Euskera, Galician Language), a fifth exercise will also be carried out to check language proficiency.

Optional phase of Selectivity

On the other hand, students can face a part of the optional EBAU exam, that is, that they are not obliged to do it. In some cases, especially in high demand careers, it is usually a good way to raise the admission grade by up to four points and thus exceed cut notes established by universities.

In this voluntary phase, the student has the option of examining up to a maximum of four subjects, although in some communities the number of subjects is limited to 3 (Catalonia, Navarra and the Balearic Islands).

Subjects of the optional phase:

Students who decide to undergo this phase of the SelectivityThey will have the possibility to choose between the general core subjects of the modality, optional core subjects, and a second foreign language.

General core subjects of modality (They cannot be the same as those carried out in the mandatory phase)

  • Mathematics applied to Social Sciences II

  • Latin II

  • Mathematics II

  • Fundamentals of Art II

Option Core Subjects:

  • Biology (Science)

  • Technical Drawing II (Science)

  • Physics (Science)

  • Geology (Science)

  • Chemistry (Science)

  • Business Economics (Humanities and Social Sciences)

  • Geography (Humanities and Social Sciences)

  • Greek II (Humanities and Social Sciences)

  • Art History (Humanities and Social Sciences)

  • History of Philosophy (Humanities and Social Sciences)

  • Performing Arts (Arts)

  • Audiovisual Culture II (Arts)

  • Design (Arts)

It is also possible to select a second foreign language that may not be the one performed in the compulsory phase (English, French, German, Italian or Portuguese). The chosen foreign language must be different from the one used in the compulsory phase.

It should be remembered that to choose a subject it is not necessary to have worked it during high school, nor that it belongs to the branch you have studied. It is important to underline that not all specific subjects score the same. Depending on the university degree you want to study, some subjects take a different value. Those that are more related to the university degree that you want to do will score more. This voluntary phase will be valid for two years academic, so this year’s will be valid until the academic year 2022 – 2023.


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