June 5, 2020

Draft Hong Kong National Security Law Comes to Chinese Legislative



The National People’s Assembly of China (ANP, Parliament) will discuss during its annual meeting, which started today, a “Hong Kong security law” that would serve to “establish and improve the legal system” and “safeguard national security,” said the Vice President of the ANP Standing Committee, Wang Chen.

“Increasing major national security risks in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region have become a major problem,” said Wang, referring to pro-democracy protests that became massive in June last year in the semi-autonomous city.

These protests, “continued Wang, quoted by the state news agency Xinhua,” have challenged the basis of the ‘one country, two systems’ principle (which governs the former British colony), damaged the rule of law and threatened national sovereignty, security. and development interests. “

In this sense, Wang indicated that “it is necessary to take forceful measures based on the law to prevent, stop and punish such activities.”

Thus, he bet on pushing from Beijing for Hong Kong to pass its own law that prohibits “any act of treason, secession, sedition, subversion against the Central People’s Government, the theft of state secrets, prohibition of the organization of activities in Hong Kong by by foreign political organizations and prohibition of the establishment of ties with foreign political organizations by political organizations in Hong Kong. “

Article 23 of the Basic Law (the Hong Kong mini-constitution) stipulates that the city must endorse legislation in this regard, which has always been extremely controversial among the Hong Kong population, an important segment of which has even resisted to his debate, for fear that it would result in a curtailment of freedoms.

Among the seven articles proposed is a provision that proposes a legal mechanism that allows the ANP Standing Committee to articulate legislation to prevent and punish a series of assumptions, including “subversion against state power,” an accusation frequently used against human rights defenders in China.

From Hong Kong, pro-government MP Paul Tse assured Hong Kong radio television RTHK that, in his opinion, this decision by Beijing to elevate the ANP to the proposal shows that the central government “has lost patience” with the situation in the former British colony. .

For his part, Eric Cheung, from the Law School of the University of Hong Kong, pointed out that, if the legal reform is carried out, it is likely to negatively affect the rights and freedoms that Hong Kong people enjoy today, all the more when there is already legislation against violent activities carried out by some radical sectors of the protesters.

“I think Hong Kong will become a long-term fight, a crusade for democracy, like Taiwan and South Korea. Greater repression leads to greater resistance,” said political analyst Dixon Sing, on the other hand.

The 1984 Sino-British Declaration, which served to agree the retrocession of Hong Kong from British hands to Chinese in 1997, established the maintenance for 50 years from that date of a series of unimaginable freedoms in this territory in mainland China. .

However, from the Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs, its spokesmen have said on numerous occasions that this document was already fulfilled at the time.

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